Black carbon emissions from in-use ships : a California regional assessment

@inproceedings{Buffaloe2014BlackCE,
  title={Black carbon emissions from in-use ships : a California regional assessment},
  author={G. M. Buffaloe and Daniel A. Lack and Eric J. Williams and Derek Coffman and Katherine L. Hayden and Brian M. Lerner and S. M. Li and Ibraheem Nuaaman and Paola Massoli and Timothy B Onasch and Patricia K. Quinn and Christopher D Cappa},
  year={2014}
}
Black carbon (BC) mass emission factors (EF BC; g BC (kg fuel)−1) from a variety of ocean-going vessels have been determined from measurements of BC and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in ship plumes intercepted by the R/V Atlantis during the 2010 California Nexus (CalNex) campaign. The ships encountered were all operating within 24 nautical miles of the California coast and were utilizing relatively low sulphur fuels (average fuel sulphur content of 0.4 %, 0.09 % and 0.03 % for vessels… CONTINUE READING
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