Black and Belonging at School: A Case for Interpersonal, Instructional, and Institutional Opportunity Structures

  title={Black and Belonging at School: A Case for Interpersonal, Instructional, and Institutional Opportunity Structures},
  author={DeLeon L. Gray and Elan C. Hope and Jamaal S. Matthews},
  journal={Educational Psychologist},
  pages={113 - 97}
This article is guided by two goals: (a) to consider how race-based perspectives can serve as theoretical tools for investigating Black adolescents’ opportunities to belong at school, and (b) to describe cultural and political aspects of schooling that can support a sense of belongingness among Black adolescents. We discuss support for the belonging of Black adolescents in terms of interpersonal, instructional, and institutional opportunity structures. We provide a set of guiding questions for… 
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