Black Panther Radical Factionalization and the Development of Black Anarchism

  title={Black Panther Radical Factionalization and the Development of Black Anarchism},
  author={D. J. Williams},
  journal={Journal of Black Studies},
  pages={678 - 703}
Racial justice social movements often fragment when their goals do not seem completely achievable. Former participants in the radical Black freedom struggles of the 1960s and 1970s, most of whom were Black Panther Party (BPP) members (and also participants in the Black Liberation Army) and identified with Marxist-Leninism, became disaffected with the hierarchical character of the Black Panthers and came to identify with anarchism. Through the lens of radical factionalization theories, Black… Expand
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