Black Male Bellies and Red Female Throats: Color Changes with Breeding Status in a Threespine Stickleback


This paper provides the first report of black nuptial coloration on the ventral side for a population of threespine sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus, in Northern California. Black nuptial coloration was least intense during precourtship. Although the black coloration intensified during courtship, it was not a significant predictor of female choice and… (More)
DOI: 10.1023/A:1007572620424

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