Black-Box Constructions of Two-Party Protocols from One-Way Functions

@inproceedings{Pass2009BlackBoxCO,
  title={Black-Box Constructions of Two-Party Protocols from One-Way Functions},
  author={Rafael Pass and Hoeteck Wee},
  booktitle={TCC},
  year={2009}
}
We exhibit constructions of the following two-party cryptographic protocols given only black-box access to a one-way function: – constant-round zero-knowledge arguments (of knowledge) for any language in NP; – constant-round trapdoor commitment schemes; – constant-round parallel coin-tossing. Previous constructions either require stronger computational assumptions (e.g. collision-resistant hash functions), non-black-box access to a one-way function, or a super-constant number of rounds. As an… CONTINUE READING
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