Bitcoin and Beyond: A Technical Survey on Decentralized Digital Currencies

@article{Tschorsch2016BitcoinAB,
  title={Bitcoin and Beyond: A Technical Survey on Decentralized Digital Currencies},
  author={Florian Tschorsch and Bj{\"o}rn Scheuermann},
  journal={IEEE Communications Surveys \& Tutorials},
  year={2016},
  volume={18},
  pages={2084-2123}
}
Besides attracting a billion dollar economy, Bitcoin revolutionized the field of digital currencies and influenced many adjacent areas. This also induced significant scientific interest. In this survey, we unroll and structure the manyfold results and research directions. We start by introducing the Bitcoin protocol and its building blocks. From there we continue to explore the design space by discussing existing contributions and results. In the process, we deduce the fundamental structures… 
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