Analysis of bisphenols and bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers by stable isotope dilution assay liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
- geprüfter Lebensmittelchemikerin, Julie Zech
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is widely used as a monomer for coatings and adhesives for food-contact applications. Previous publications indicate that, after migration from packaging into foodstuffs, BADGE undergoes various reactions with unidentified food components. In order to elucidate the fate of BADGE, losses were determined after incubation with different foodstuffs and food components. Food proteins were identified as the main reaction partner with BADGE. Adduct formation was found with nucleophilic side-chains of amino acids. In vitro, cysteine exhibited significant activity. The previously reported occurrence of methylthio-derivatives of BADGE in foodstuffs was shown to originate from the reaction of BADGE with methionine. BADGE-methylthio derivatives can, therefore, be used as marker substances in foodstuffs for protein reactions with BADGE. The reported results offer a new viewpoint on the evaluation of BADGE migration. The hydrolysis and hydrochlorination derivatives subject to European legislation make up only a fraction of the totally migrated BADGE, and a further concern is that the toxic or allergenic potential of the protein adducts are unknown.