Bisphenol A concentrations in human urine, human intakes across six continents, and annual trends of average intakes in adult and child populations worldwide: A thorough literature review.

@article{Huang2018BisphenolAC,
  title={Bisphenol A concentrations in human urine, human intakes across six continents, and annual trends of average intakes in adult and child populations worldwide: A thorough literature review.},
  author={Riheng Huang and Ze-hua Liu and Hua Yin and Zhi Dang and Ping-xiao Wu and Neng-wu Zhu and Zhang Lin},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2018},
  volume={626},
  pages={
          971-981
        }
}
Human exposure of bisphenol A and its analogues: understandings from human urinary excretion data and wastewater-based epidemiology
TLDR
It is suggested that other sources rather human excretions are important origins in municipal wastewater, which indicates that the WBE method based on parent compounds is inappropriate for evaluations of human daily intakes of BPA and its analogues, neither for other industrial compounds that have multiple important sources.
Human-Biomonitoring derived exposure and Daily Intakes of Bisphenol A and their associations with neurodevelopmental outcomes among children of the Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study
TLDR
The exposure level was found to be related to child emotional condition, which can have long-term consequences including social functioning and scholastic achievements and further monitoring of this population in terms of overall chemical exposure is required.
Italian Children Exposure to Bisphenol A: Biomonitoring Data from the LIFE PERSUADED Project
TLDR
Children aged 4–6 years had higher BPA levels than those aged 7–10 and 11–14 years, but no differences were detected between sexes, raising concern about the overall exposure of Italian young population.
Dietary intake and household exposures as predictors of urinary concentrations of high molecular weight phthalates and bisphenol A in a cohort of adolescents
TLDR
No significant associations were observed between housing and dietary characteristics and metabolites of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) or BPA in a cohort of Latina adolescents, but these findings may be useful in targeting interventions that reducephthalate uptake in young adults.
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References

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Age-Related Trends in Urinary Excretion of Bisphenol A in Australian Children and Adults: Evidence from a Pooled Sample Study Using Samples of Convenience
TLDR
Urinary concentrations and estimated excretion rates were inversely associated with age, and estimated daily excretion in infants and young children was significantly higher than in adults, which may be explained by their higher food consumption relative to body weight compared to adults and adolescents.
Bisphenol A (BPA) daily intakes in the United States: Estimates from the 2003–2004 NHANES urinary BPA data
  • J. LaKind, D. Naiman
  • Medicine
    Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
  • 2008
TLDR
Daily BPA intakes for male participants are statistically significantly higher than for female participants, and there are statistically significant differences in daily BPA intake according to age groups, with the oldest group having the lowest estimated intakes.
Urinary bisphenol A concentrations and their implications for human exposure in several Asian countries.
TLDR
The estimated daily intake of BPA in the seven Asian countries was significantly lower than the tolerable daily intake recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and there was no significant difference in BPA concentrations between genders (male and female) or domicile of residence (rural and urban).
Population variability of phthalate metabolites and bisphenol A concentrations in spot urine samples versus 24- or 48-h collections
TLDR
Overall, spot urinary concentrations of DEHP metabolites and BPA have variability roughly comparable with corresponding 24-h average concentrations obtained from a comparable population, suggesting that spot samples can be used to characterize population distributions of intakes.
Short term variability in urinary bisphenol A in Australian children.
Urinary, Circulating, and Tissue Biomonitoring Studies Indicate Widespread Exposure to Bisphenol A
TLDR
Available data from biomonitoring studies clearly indicate that the general population is exposed to BPA and is at risk from internal exposure to unconjugated BPA.
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