Birthweight and the Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Women

@article{RichEdwards1999BirthweightAT,
  title={Birthweight and the Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Women},
  author={Janet W. Rich-Edwards and Graham A. Colditz and Meir J. Stampfer and Walter C. Willett and Matthew W Gillman and Charles H. Hennekens and Frank E. Speizer and JoAnn E. Manson},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={1999},
  volume={130},
  pages={278-284}
}
Evidence of an association between impaired fetal growth and increased risk for subsequent type 2 diabetes mellitus is mounting in such populations as middle-aged white men and women (1-4) and young adult Pima Indians (5). Supporting evidence also comes from an inverse association between birthweight and glucose tolerance among children in Great Britain (6), Jamaica (7), and India (8). Most of these studies have had too few participants to quantify risks accurately at the extremes of… Expand
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Birth Weight and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in the Black Women’s Health Study: Does Adult BMI Play a Mediating Role?
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Findings support the hypothesis that early life exposures, for which birth weight is a marker, are associated with several chronic diseases in adulthood. Expand
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Early life exposures affecting birth weight may be important in the development of hypertension and obesity in adults and after adjustment for other risk factors. Expand
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In women, only a maternal history of diabetes was associated with a higher prevalence of NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance than men, while in men, the reason for this sex difference is unclear. Expand
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Birth weight and the risk of non-fatal cardiovascular disease is also inversely associated in adult women for both coronary heart disease and stroke, driven by the 13% of women born at the extremes of birth weight. Expand
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TLDR
The relation of the prevalence of diabetes to birth weight in the Pima Indians is U shaped and is related to parental diabetes, and low birth weight is associated with non-insulin dependent diabetes. Expand
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TLDR
The findings suggest that Indian children with reduced intra‐uterine growth have reduced glucose homeostasis after a glucose challenge, consistent with the hypothesis that Type 2 diabetes mellitus in India may be programmed in fetal life. Expand
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Reduced growth in early life is strongly linked with impaired glucose tolerance and non-insulin dependent diabetes and reduced early growth is also related to a raised plasma concentration of 32-33 split proinsulin, which is interpreted as a sign of beta cell dysfunction. Expand
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