Birth weight, climate at birth and the risk of obesity in adult life

  title={Birth weight, climate at birth and the risk of obesity in adult life},
  author={Diw Phillips and Jb Young},
  journal={International Journal of Obesity},
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether obesity in adults is related to seasonal or climatic conditions around the time of birth.SUBJECTS: 1750 men and women born in Hertfordshire between 1920 and 1930.MEASUREMENTS: Height and weight measured in the home by trained fieldworkers.RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) rose with increasing birth weight in men and women. In men, BMI and the prevalence of obesity (BMI≥30 kg/m2) varied as a function of month of birth and was greater among those born in January–June… 

Is climate at the time of birth related to obesity 9–10 years later?

It has been concluded that obesity is related to higher birth weight and early cold exposure; assessed as temperature at the time of birth.

Ethnicity modifies seasonal variations in birth weight and weight gain of infants.

Birth weight and early infancy weight gain varied by season and were modified by ethnicity and the potential importance of seasonal variations in pre- and postnatal growth was evaluated.

Season of birth and prevalence of overweight and obesity in Canada.

Seasonality and ambient temperature at time of conception in term-born individuals – influences on cardiovascular disease and obesity in adult life

Background The influence of environmental conditions early in life – including temperature and season – on health later in life has so far not attracted much attention. Objective Using data from the

The influence of birthweight and intrauterine environment on adiposity and fat distribution in later life

  • I. Rogers
  • Medicine
    International Journal of Obesity
  • 2003
There is good evidence that there is an association between birthweight and subsequent BMI and overweight in young adults and children, which is linear and positive in some studies and J- or U-shaped in others, and the evidence is less strong for middle-aged subjects.

Environmental temperature during gestation and body mass index in adolescence: new etiologic clues?

Environmental temperatures during pregnancy and at birth are associated with the likelihood that African American females become overweight as adolescents, and possible biological and dietary mechanisms for this finding are discussed.

Correlation of month and season of birth with height, weight and degree of obesity of rural Japanese children.

It is suggested that month and season of birth influence height and weight of schoolchildren in Tokushima but not their degree of obesity.

Birth weight, weight at 1 y of age, and body composition in older men: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study.

The consistently reported positive relation between birth weight and adult body mass index may reflect prenatal and maternal influences on fat-free mass rather than on fat mass in older people, suggesting the postnatal environment may be more influential than prenatal factors in the development of obesity in later life.

Obesity incidence is related to month of birth

The month of birth was significantly related to obesity incidence and the individuals who were birth in the first three months of the year were heavier, taller and older than the applicants who were born in later months ofThe year.



Parental and perinatal factors associated with childhood obesity in north-east Italy.

It is concluded that parental obesity and birthweight represent major risk factors for obesity among children in north-east Italy.

Birth weight and adult hypertension and obesity in women.

Early life exposures affecting birth weight may be important in the development of hypertension and obesity in adults and after adjustment for other risk factors.

A longitudinal study of birth weight and being overweight in late adolescence.

The data suggest that higher birth weights correlate strongly with being overweight in late adolescence independently of other factors considered, however, the predictive power of this association is poor.

Relation between weight and length at birth and body mass index in young adulthood: cohort study

The association between weight and length at birth and adult body mass index in Danish conscripts is examined and high birth weight correlates with being overweight in late adolescence, and intrauterine growth retardation is associated with a higher ratio of waist to hip circumference in men.

Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity.

Obese children under three years of age without obese parents are at low risk for obesity in adulthood, but among older children, obesity is an increasingly important predictor of adult obesity, regardless of whether the parents are obese.


Obese children under three years of age without obese parents are at low risk for obesity in adulthood, but among older children, obesity is an increasingly important predictor of adult obesity, regardless of whether the parents are obese.

Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in US men.

Findings support the hypothesis that early life exposures, for which birth weight is a marker, are associated with several chronic diseases in adulthood.

Obesity in young men after famine exposure in utero and early infancy.

Testing the hypothesis that prenatal and early postnatal nutrition determines subsequent obesity found that exposure during the last trimester of pregnancy and the first months of life is consistent with the inference that nutritional deprivation affected a critical period of development for adipose-tissue cellularity.

Relation of size at birth to non-insulin dependent diabetes and insulin concentrations in men aged 50-60 years

It is confirmed that reduced fetal growth is associated with increased risk of diabetes and suggest a specific association with thinness at birth and this relation seems to be mediated through insulin resistance rather than through impaired β cell function and to depend on an interaction with obesity in adult life.

Onset of obesity in a 36 year birth cohort study.

The comparatively poor predictive value of childhood obesity and the association of adult obesity with educational achievements and socioeconomic circumstances of family of origin emphasise the need for encouraging good nutritional and exercise habits rather than placing undue emphasis on the control of childhood Obesity.