Birth spacing and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: a meta-analysis.

@article{CondeAgudelo2006BirthSA,
  title={Birth spacing and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: a meta-analysis.},
  author={A. Conde-Agudelo and A. Rosas-Berm{\'u}dez and A. C. Kafury-Goeta},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={2006},
  volume={295 15},
  pages={
          1809-23
        }
}
CONTEXT Both short and long interpregnancy intervals have been associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. [...] Key MethodDATA SOURCES Studies published in any language were retrieved by searching MEDLINE (1966 through January 2006), EMBASE, ECLA, POPLINE, CINAHL, and LILACS, proceedings of meetings on birth spacing, and bibliographies of retrieved articles, and by contact with relevant researchers in the field. Expand
Relationship Between Interpregnancy Interval and Adverse Perinatal and Neonatal Outcomes in Northern Alberta.
TLDR
It is suggested that both short and long interpregnancy intervals are associated with adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes, and it provides risk estimates for a Canadian population in the era of folate fortification of food. Expand
The associations of birth intervals with small-for-gestational-age, preterm, and neonatal and infant mortality: a meta-analysis
TLDR
Birth intervals shorter than 18 months are significantly associated with SGA, preterm birth and death in the first year of life, and Lack of access to family planning interventions thus contributes to the burden of adverse birth outcomes and infant mortality in LMICs. Expand
Short interpregnancy intervals and adverse perinatal outcomes in high‐resource settings: An updated systematic review
TLDR
In high‐resource settings, there is some evidence showing interpregnancy intervals <6 months since last livebirth are associated with increased risks for preterm birth, small‐for‐gestational age and infant death; however, results were inconsistent. Expand
Birth Spacing and Risk of Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disabilities: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Examination of the relationship between birth spacing and the risk of ASD and other neurodevelopmental disabilities found short IPIs are associated with a significantly increased risk of autistic disorder. Expand
Re-evaluation of link between interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes: retrospective cohort study matching two intervals per mother
TLDR
Both the unmatched and matched models estimated a high odds of small for gestational age birth and low birth weight for long interpregnancy intervals (longer than 59 months), but the estimated effect of long interPregnancy intervals on the odds of preterm birth was much weaker in the matched model than in the unmatched model. Expand
Effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse pregnancy outcomes in northern Tanzania: a registry-based retrospective cohort study
TLDR
This study confirmed that both short and long IPI are independent risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes and emphasize the importance of providing support for family planning programs which will support optimal IPI and improve pregnancy outcomes. Expand
Interpregnancy Interval and Subsequent Severe Maternal Morbidity: A 16-Year Population-Based Study From California
TLDR
In this study, longer IPI was associated with increased risk of SMM, which may be partly attributed to interpregnancy health, and the association between IPI and SMM did not vary substantially by maternal age or parity. Expand
Within-Family Analysis of Interpregnancy Interval and Adverse Birth Outcomes.
TLDR
Familial confounding explains most of the association between a short interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes, whereas associations with long interp pregnancy intervals were independent of measured and unmeasured factors. Expand
Long interpregnancy interval and adverse perinatal outcomes: A retrospective cohort study
TLDR
Investigation of the association between the interpregnancy interval (IPI) and adverse perinatal outcomes indicates that a longer IPI is associated with a higher risk of adverse per inatal outcomes and an IPI of ≥120 mon appears to be independently associated with an elevated risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and premature membrane rupture. Expand
Interpregnancy intervals and adverse birth outcomes in high-income countries: An international cohort study
Background Most evidence for interpregnancy interval (IPI) and adverse birth outcomes come from studies that are prone to incomplete control for confounders that vary between women. ComparingExpand
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References

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Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes.
TLDR
The optimal interpregnancy interval for preventing adverse perinatal outcomes is 18 to 23 months, and shorter and longer interp pregnancy intervals were associated with higher risks. Expand
Effect of the Interpregnancy Interval on Perinatal Outcomes in Latin America
TLDR
In Latin America, interpregnancy intervals shorter than 12 months and longer than 59 months are independently associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, and data suggest that spacing pregnancies appropriately could preventperinatal deaths and other adverse per inatal outcomes in the developing world. Expand
Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes among white and black women.
TLDR
An interpregnancy interval of 18 to 23 months is associated with the lowest risk for adverse perinatal outcomes among both white and black women. Expand
The impact of short interpregnancy intervals on pregnancy outcomes in a low-income population.
TLDR
Interpregnancy intervals were positively associated with age and negatively associated with the trimester in which care was initiated in the second pregnancy, and Whites had shorter intervals than non-Whites. Expand
Effect of interpregnancy interval on risk of spontaneous preterm birth in Emirati women, United Arab Emirates.
TLDR
The magnitude of the risk and the risk gradient between exposure quartiles suggest that the risk factor is causal and that its modification would reduce the risk of preterm birth. Expand
Interpregnancy interval and low birth weight: findings from a case-control study.
TLDR
Short interpregnancy intervals (six months or less) were more frequently observed in women with postpartum body weight than in women weighing 50 kg or more, which might suggest that the effect of short intervals on the risk of intrauterine growth retardation is mediated through maternal nutritional status. Expand
Effect of prolonged birth spacing on maternal and perinatal outcome.
TLDR
There was no significant difference in maternal and perinatal outcome in pregnancy between women with prolonged birth spacing and those with normal shorter birth spacing. Expand
Effect of Interpregnancy Interval on Infant Low Birth Weight: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using the Michigan Maternally Linked Birth Database
  • B. Zhu, T. Le
  • Medicine
  • Maternal and Child Health Journal
  • 2004
TLDR
These data suggest that spacing pregnancies appropriately could be used as a strategy for preventing LBW, and show that the risk for LBW was lowest when the interpregnancy interval was 18–23 months, and increased with shorter or longer intervals. Expand
Interpregnancy interval and risk of preterm birth and neonatal death: retrospective cohort study
TLDR
A short interpregnancy interval is an independent risk factor for preterm delivery and neonatal death in the second birth in women having second births in 1992-8. Expand
The Influence of Interpregnancy Interval on the Subsequent Risk of Stillbirth and Early Neonatal Death
TLDR
Short interpregnancy intervals appear not to be causally associated with increased risk of stillbirth and early neonatal death, whereas long interp pregnancy intervals were associated withincreased risk ofStillbirth and possibly early Neonatal death. Expand
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