• Corpus ID: 15785168

Birth order effects in the formation of long-term relationships

@inproceedings{Hartshorne2009BirthOE,
  title={Birth order effects in the formation of long-term relationships},
  author={Joshua K. Hartshorne and Nancy Salem-Hartshorne and Timothy S Hartshorne},
  year={2009}
}
Researchers have debated for 134 years whether birth order has long-term effects on the development of a child, and so far no consensus has emerged. In addition to practical applications and relevance to the study of personality, birth order effects are an important test case for theories about how and whether home environment affects the adults children become (Pinker, 2002; Sulloway, 1996). In two large surveys of diverse populations, we found that people are more likely to form close… 
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References

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Birth Order and Mate Selection
While studies of personality and behavioral correlates of birth order have increased, the possibility that this variable may affect mate selection has not been considered. The present study employed
Birth Order and Intellectual Development
A confluence model is developed that explains the effects of birth order and family size on intelligence. Intellectual development within the family context is conceived of as depending on the
Birth Order: Its Influence on Personality
I A Survey of World Literature 1946-1980.- 1 Outline of Fallacies in Birth Order Research.- 1.1 Birth Order as Dependent Variable: Problem of Control Groups.- 1.1.1 The Fallacies in Determining
Resolving the debate over birth order, family size, and intelligence.
TLDR
It appears that although low-IQ parents have been making large families, large families do not make low- IQ children in modern U.S. society.
A Multilevel Approach to the Relationship Between Birth Order and Intelligence
TLDR
Multilevel analyses with a control variable show that birth order has no significant influence on children's intelligence and earlier reported birth order effects on intelligence are attributable to factors that vary between, not within, families.
Birth Order and Family Size of Approved School Boys
TLDR
The birth order and family size of 799 Scottish Approved School boys were investigated and it was shown that Slater's index does not alter significantly after the age of ten, and there is no evidence from the present investigation of any association between family size and presence in an approved school.
The Confluence Model: Birth Order as a Within-Family or Between-Family Dynamic?
TLDR
The corpus of evidence invoked here offers strong support for the assumption of the confluence model that birth-order differences in intellectual performance are primarily a within-family phenomenon.
Birth Order Has No Effect on Intelligence: A Reply and Extension of Previous Findings
TLDR
An empirical investigation of the replicability and generalizability of the null birth-order approach is concluded, finding that when between-family confounds are controlled using appropriate study designs and techniques such as multilevel modeling, birth order is shown not to influence intelligence.
On the Social Advantages of Having an Older, Opposite-Sex Sibling: Birth Order Influences in Mixed-Sex Dyads
This study examined the influences of birth order on behavior occurring in the initial, unstructured interactions of 40 mixed-sex dyads composed of a man and a woman who each had a sibling of the
Explaining the Relation Between Birth Order and Intelligence
TLDR
It is shown that intelligence quotient (IQ) score levels among nearly 250,000 military conscripts were dependent on social rank in the family and not on birth order as such, providing support for a family interaction explanation.
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