Birth of two volcanic islands in the southern Red Sea

  title={Birth of two volcanic islands in the southern Red Sea},
  author={Wenbin Xu and Joel Ruch and Sigurjón Jónsson},
  journal={Nature Communications},
Submarine eruptions that lead to the formation of new volcanic islands are rare and far from being fully understood; only a few such eruptions have been witnessed since Surtsey Island emerged to the south of Iceland in the 1960s. Here we report on two new volcanic islands that were formed in the Zubair archipelago of the southern Red Sea in 2011–2013. Using high-resolution optical satellite images, we find that the new islands grew rapidly during their initial eruptive phases and that coastal… 
Seismicity Associated With the Formation of a New Island in the Southern Red Sea
Volcanic eruptions at mid-ocean ridges are rarely witnessed due to their inaccessibility, and are therefore poorly understood. Shallow waters in the Red Sea allow the study of ocean ridge related
Volcanic Eruptions in the Southern Red Sea During 2007–2013
The first volcanic eruption known to occur in the southern Red Sea in over a century started on Jebel at Tair Island in September 2007. The early phase of the eruption was energetic, with lava
Genesis and evolution of the South Atlantic volcanic islands offshore Brazil
The Brazilian continental margin includes several volcanic islands, submerged volcanic seamounts, and a unique non-volcanic archipelago located in a transform segment of the Equatorial South
Revealing 60 years of Earthquake Swarms in the Southern Red Sea, Afar and the Gulf of Aden
Earthquake swarms occur sporadically at divergent plate boundaries but their recurrence over multiple decades and relation to magmatic spreading activity remain poorly understood. Here we study more
First recorded eruption of Nabro volcano, Eritrea, 2011
Analysis of ground deformation suggests the eruption was fed by a shallow, NW–SE-trending dike, which is consistent with field and satellite observations of vent distributions, and which was preceded by significant seismicity, detected by regional networks of sensors and accompanied by sustained tremor.
The Nature of Upper Mantle Upwelling During Initiation of Seafloor Spreading in the Southern Red Sea
The response of the mantle and specifically melt generation during the progression from continental to oceanic rifting is poorly understood due to an absence of direct observations. Specifically, it
Seismic and hydroacoustic observations of the 2016–17 Bogoslof eruption
In mid-December 2016, Bogoslof volcano, Alaska, began an 8.5-month-long eruption that produced at least 70 explosions and three lava domes. Bogoslof is an emergent submarine volcano with only the
Rifting and Salt Deposition on Continental Margins: Differences and Similarities Between the Red Sea and the South Atlantic Sedimentary Basins
  • W. Mohriak
  • Geology
    Geological Setting, Palaeoenvironment and Archaeology of the Red Sea
  • 2018
The results of regional deep seismic acquisition in the South Atlantic continental margins provide new constraints on the birth and development of sedimentary basins formed during the Gondwana
The Seismo‐Acoustics of Submarine Volcanic Eruptions
Many of the world’s volcanoes are hidden beneath the ocean’s surface where eruptions are difficult to observe. However, seismo‐acoustic signals produced by these eruptions provide a useful means of
Intermittent Growth of a Newly-Born Volcanic Island and Its Feeding System Revealed by Geological and Geochemical Monitoring 2013–2020, Nishinoshima, Ogasawara, Japan
The island-forming Nishinoshima eruptions in the Ogasawara Islands, Japan, provide a rare opportunity to examine how the terrestrial part of Earth’s surface increases via volcanism. Here, the


Volcanic Eruptions in the Southern Red Sea During 2007–2013
The first volcanic eruption known to occur in the southern Red Sea in over a century started on Jebel at Tair Island in September 2007. The early phase of the eruption was energetic, with lava
The 2007–8 volcanic eruption on Jebel at Tair island (Red Sea) observed by satellite radar and optical images
We use high-resolution optical images and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data to study the September 2007–January 2008 Jebel at Tair eruption. Comparison of pre- and post-eruption
Volcanic islands of the Red Sea
The Recent volcanic islands of the Red Sea are (1) Jebel at Tair, a single small volcano of tholeiitic basalt lava; (2) the Zubair Islands with pyroclastic cones and flows intermediate between
Earthquake source parameters for the 2010 western Gulf of Aden rifting episode: Supporting data
SUMMARY On 2010 November 14, an intense swarm of earthquakes began in the western Gulf of Aden. Within a 48-hr period, 82 earthquakes with magnitudes between 4.5 and 5.5 were reported along an
The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Basins
Rapid dike emplacement leads to eruptions and hydrothermal plume release during seafloor spreading events
The creation of ocean crust by rapid injection of magma at mid-ocean ridges can lead to eruptions of lava onto the seafloor and release of “event plumes,” which are huge volumes of anomalously warm
Magma-maintained rift segmentation at continental rupture in the 2005 Afar dyking episode
A three-dimensional deformation field for the Dabbahu rifting episode derived from satellite radar data shows that the entire segment ruptured, making it the largest to have occurred on land in the era of satellite geodesy.
Magma-assisted rifting in Ethiopia
Observations of the Northern Ethiopian Rift indicate a strong component of melt-induced anisotropy with only minor crustal stretching, supporting the magma-assisted rifting model in this area of initially cold, thick continental lithosphere.
Widespread uplift and ‘trapdoor’ faulting on Galápagos volcanoes observed with radar interferometry
Displacement maps of volcanoes in the Galápagos Islands, constructed using satellite radar interferometry, are presented to help explain large uplift unaccompanied by eruptive activity at other volcanoes.