Birth Order Effects on Personality and Achievement Within Families

  title={Birth Order Effects on Personality and Achievement Within Families},
  author={Delroy L. Paulhus and Paul D. Trapnell and David Chen},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={482 - 488}
We investigated birth order effects on personality and achievement in four studies (N = 1,022 families) including both student and adult samples. Control over a wide range of variables was effected by collecting within-family data: Participants compared their siblings (and themselves) on a variety of personality and achievement dimensions. Across four diverse data sets, first-borns were nominated as most achieving and most conscientious. Later-borns were nominated as most rebellious, liberal… 

Tables from this paper

Examining the effects of birth order on personality

This study examined the long-standing question of whether a person’s position among siblings has a lasting impact on that person’s life course. Empirical research on the relation between birth order

Birth Order and Personality : Testing Assumptions with Independent Siblings' Reports

INTRODUCTION Assumptions about the effects of birth order on personality abound in popular culture, self-help books, and the scholarly literature. In one popular book, Born to Rebel, Frank Sulloway1

Birth-order effects on facets of extraversion

Examining the effects of birth order on personality

It is concluded that birth order does not have a lasting effect on broad personality traits outside of the intellectual domain.

The effects of birth order on five-factor personality traits in early adolescents

On the sample of 952 early adolescents we examined the effects of birth order on five-factor personali ty traits by using between-family design. Four most frequent cla ssifications of birth order



Associations between Birth Order and Personality Traits: Evidence from Self-Reports and Observer Ratings

Abstract Sulloway (1996) proposed that personality traits developed in childhood mediate the association of birth order with scientific radicalism. Birth-order effects on traits within the

Birth-Order Effects in the Academically Talented

Birth-order position was studied among 828 academically talented students from a national sample collected by the Institute for the Academic Advancement of Youth of Johns Hopkins University. When

Birth Order and Intellectual Development

A confluence model is developed that explains the effects of birth order and family size on intelligence. Intellectual development within the family context is conceived of as depending on the

Birth Order: Its Influence on Personality

I A Survey of World Literature 1946-1980.- 1 Outline of Fallacies in Birth Order Research.- 1.1 Birth Order as Dependent Variable: Problem of Control Groups.- 1.1.1 The Fallacies in Determining

Birth order, sibship size, and status in modern Canada

Firstborn children appear to be more status oriented than lastborns, and this effect is mediated by sibship size, while firstborn children are unaffected by the number of younger siblings they have, and the status ambitions of youngest children decrease the more older siblings they has.

Birth Order and Familial Sentiment: Middleborns are Different

Birth Order and IQ

Since Sir Francis Galton’s study on English men of science (1874), it has frequently been upheld that firstborns are more often eminent or more often take part in higher education than laterborns

An alternative "description of personality": the big-five factor structure.

  • L. R. Goldberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
The generality of this 5-factor model is here demonstrated across unusually comprehensive sets of trait terms, which suggest their potential utility as Big-Five markers in future studies.

Heritability of facet-level traits in a cross-cultural twin sample: support for a hierarchical model of personality.

This study examined heritability of the residual specific variance in facet-level traits from the Revised NEO Personality Inventory to provide strong support for hierarchical models of personality that posit a large number of narrow traits in addition to a few broader trait factors or domains.

Birth Order, Sibling Competition, and Human Behavior

Sibling competition is widespread among bird and animal species and sometimes leads to siblicide. By influencing the strategies that siblings employ in their struggles for dominance, birth order