Birth Order Effects on Personality and Achievement Within Families

@article{Paulhus1999BirthOE,
  title={Birth Order Effects on Personality and Achievement Within Families},
  author={Delroy L. Paulhus and Paul D. Trapnell and David Chen},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={1999},
  volume={10},
  pages={482 - 488}
}
We investigated birth order effects on personality and achievement in four studies (N = 1,022 families) including both student and adult samples. Control over a wide range of variables was effected by collecting within-family data: Participants compared their siblings (and themselves) on a variety of personality and achievement dimensions. Across four diverse data sets, first-borns were nominated as most achieving and most conscientious. Later-borns were nominated as most rebellious, liberal… 

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