Birds help plants: a meta-analysis of top-down trophic cascades caused by avian predators

@article{Mntyl2010BirdsHP,
  title={Birds help plants: a meta-analysis of top-down trophic cascades caused by avian predators},
  author={Elina M{\"a}ntyl{\"a} and Tero Klemola and Toni Laaksonen},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2010},
  volume={165},
  pages={143-151}
}
The tritrophic interactions between plants, herbivores and avian predators are complex and prone to trophic cascades. We conducted a meta-analysis of original articles that have studied birds as predators of invertebrate herbivores, to compare top-down trophic cascades with different plant responses from different environments and climatic areas. Our search found 29 suitable articles, with a total of 81 separate experimental study set-ups. The meta-analysis revealed that plants benefited from… CONTINUE READING
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