Bird or bat: comparing airframe design and flight performance.

  title={Bird or bat: comparing airframe design and flight performance.},
  author={Anders Hedenstr{\"o}m and L Christoffer Johansson and G R Spedding},
  journal={Bioinspiration & biomimetics},
  volume={4 1},
Birds and bats have evolved powered flight independently, which makes a comparison of evolutionary 'design' solutions potentially interesting. In this paper we highlight similarities and differences with respect to flight characteristics, including morphology, flight kinematics, aerodynamics, energetics and flight performance. Birds' size range is 0.002-15 kg and bats' size range is 0.002-1.5 kg. The wingbeat kinematics differ between birds and bats, which is mainly due to the different flexing… CONTINUE READING
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