Bipolar Illness, Creativity, and Treatment

  title={Bipolar Illness, Creativity, and Treatment},
  author={Albert Rothenberg},
  journal={Psychiatric Quarterly},
There have been in recent years increasing claims in both popular and professional literature for a connection between bipolar illness and creativity. A review of studies supporting this claim reveals serious flaws in sampling, methodology, presentation of results, and conclusions. Although there is therefore no evidence for etiological or genetic linkages, it is still necessary to explain interrelationships in those creative persons suffering from the illness. Examples of the work in progress… 

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Investigating how highly creative individuals with BD understand the role of symptoms and treatment in their creativity, and possible mechanisms underpinning this link shed light on previously mixed results regarding the influence of mania and treatment.

[Creativity and bipolar disorder].

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Creativity and Bipolar Disorder 2

The relationship between creativity and bipolar disorder has been an intriguing topic since ancient times. Early studies focused on describing characteristics of creative people. From the last

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Assumption regarding the relationship between creativity and mental disturbances has attracted academic and public interest from antiquity. Research performed in recent years, support these

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The literature on this subject is reviewed to try to decipher what is written in between the lines, how creativity and psychopathology may fuel each other, and what may be its clinical implications.

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Both Nobel laureates and high creative students gave opposite responses at a significantly faster rate than they gave common, popular (nonopposite) responses, and their average speed of opposite response was fast enough to indicate that conceptualizing opposites could have been simultaneous.

Creativity and mental illness: prevalence rates in writers and their first-degree relatives.

  • N. Andreasen
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1987
Both writers and control subjects had IQs in the superior range; the writers excelled only on the WAIS vocabulary subtest, confirming previous observations that intelligence and creativity are independent mental abilities.

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The results of two related experiments on a specific type of creative cognition named “homospatial thinking,” which has been described in previous empirical research, support the hypothesis that homosp spatial thinking is operative in creative production of literary metaphors.

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  • A. Juda
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1949
There is no definite relationship between highest mental capacity and psychic health or illness, and no evidence to support the assumption that the genesis of highest intellectual ability depends on psychic abnormalities, and the high number of mentally healthy geniuses speaks against that claim.

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Twenty-two Nobel laureates in the fields of chemistry, physics, and medicine and physiology from Europe and the United States were interviewed according to a systematic research protocol focused on

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  • A. Rothenberg
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    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1988

Artistic Productivity and Lithium Prophylaxis in Manic-Depressive Illness

  • M. Schou
  • Psychology, Art
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1979
Summary Twenty-four manic-depressive artists, in whom prophylactic lithium treatment had attenuated or prevented recurrences to a significant degree, were questioned about their creative power during

The creative writer: psychiatric symptoms and family history.