Biotransformation of patulin by Gluconobacter oxydans.

  title={Biotransformation of patulin by Gluconobacter oxydans.},
  author={Alessandra Ricelli and Federico Baruzzi and Michele Solfrizzo and Maria Morea and Francesco Paolo Fanizzi},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  volume={73 3},
A bacterium isolated from patulin-contaminated apples was capable of degrading patulin to a less-toxic compound, ascladiol. The bacterium was identified as Gluconobacter oxydans by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, whereas ascladiol was identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance. Degradation of up to 96% of patulin was observed in apple juices containing up to 800 microg/ml of patulin and incubated with G. oxydans. 
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