Biotransformation of caffeine, paraxanthine, theophylline, and theobromine by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible cytochrome(s) P-450 in human liver microsomes.

@article{Campbell1987BiotransformationOC,
  title={Biotransformation of caffeine, paraxanthine, theophylline, and theobromine by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible cytochrome(s) P-450 in human liver microsomes.},
  author={Mary E. Campbell and Denis M. Grant and Tadanobu Inaba and Werner Kalow},
  journal={Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals},
  year={1987},
  volume={15 2},
  pages={237-49}
}
The microsomal metabolism of caffeine and its primary dimethylxanthine metabolites, paraxanthine, theophylline, and theobromine, was investigated in 15 different human livers, including those from two known nonsmokers and one known smoker. At least two distinct enzymes with differing substrate affinities have the potential to catalyze most methylxanthine N-demethylations and C8-hydroxylations in vitro; however, at the low methylxanthine concentrations routinely encountered in vivo… CONTINUE READING

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