Biotic and Abiotic Constraints in Mungbean Production—Progress in Genetic Improvement

  title={Biotic and Abiotic Constraints in Mungbean Production—Progress in Genetic Improvement},
  author={Ramakrishnan M. Nair and Abhay Kumar Pandey and Abdul Rasheed War and Bindumadhava Hanumantharao and Tun Shwe and Akmm Alam and Aditya Pratap and Shahid Riaz Malik and Rael Karimi and E K Mbeyagala and Col Douglas and Jagadish Rane and Roland Schafleitner},
  journal={Frontiers in Plant Science},
Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata] is an important food and cash legume crop in Asia. Development of short duration varieties has paved the way for the expansion of mungbean into other regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa and South America. Mungbean productivity is constrained by biotic and abiotic factors. Bruchids, whitefly, thrips, stem fly, aphids, and pod borers are the major insect-pests. The major diseases of mungbean are yellow mosaic, anthracnose, powdery mildew… 

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