Biosurfactant rhamnolipid enhanced modification of corn stalk and its application for sorption of phenanthrene.

Abstract

The application of modified agricultural wastes for removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from water is gaining a growing interest. However, most modified methods using synthetic chemicals may cause secondary pollution. To overcome this limitation, in this study, a rhamnolipid modified corn stalk (RL-CS) for the removal of phenanthrene (PHE) from aqueous solution was prepared using a rhamnolipid-enhanced acid modification method. RL-CS with higher surface area and lower polarity exhibited higher PHE removal efficiency than that of raw corn stalk (RCS). The adsorption kinetics of RL-CS fitted well with pseudo-second-order kinetics (R2 > 0.999). Sorption coefficients and carbon-normalized sorption coefficient of RL-CS were 4.68 and 2.86 times higher than that of RCS. Sorption process of RL-CS was nonlinear. Meanwhile, the sorption was an exothermic process and could occur spontaneously. The present study demonstrated that biosurfactant-modified biosorbent RL-CS may be of great potential for the removal of low concentrations of PAHs from the contaminated waters.

DOI: 10.2166/wst.2017.281

Cite this paper

@article{Tong2017BiosurfactantRE, title={Biosurfactant rhamnolipid enhanced modification of corn stalk and its application for sorption of phenanthrene.}, author={Le Tong and Weiting Liu and Weijia Lin and Chuling Guo and Jing Yang and Yanfu Wei and Yingying Xie and Shasha Liu and Zhi Dang}, journal={Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research}, year={2017}, volume={76 5}, pages={1167-1176} }