Biosocial Construction of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior

  title={Biosocial Construction of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior},
  author={Wendy Wood and Alice H. Eagly},
  journal={Advances in Experimental Social Psychology},
  • W. Wood, A. Eagly
  • Published 2012
  • Psychology
  • Advances in Experimental Social Psychology
Do Psychological Sex Differences Reflect Evolutionary Bisexual Partitioning?
  • I. Trofimova
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychology
  • 2015
The analysis suggests that male superiority in risk and sensation seeking and physical abilities; higher rates of psychopathy, dyslexia, and autism; and higher birth and accidental death rates reflects the systemic variational function of the male sex.
Sex differences in aggression among children of low and high gender inequality backgrounds: a comparison of gender role and sexual selection theories.
The results show that sex differences in aggression are generally larger among children with parents from high gender inequality backgrounds, however, this effect is small in comparison to the direct effect of a child's biological sex.
The Evolution of Culturally-Variable Sex Differences: Men and Women Are Not Always Different, but When They Are…It Appears Not to Result from Patriarchy or Sex Role Socialization
Psychologists have uncovered dozens of ways men and women differ in affect, behavior, and cognition. Social role theorists assume that men’s and women’s psychological differences solely result from
Biology or Culture Alone Cannot Account for Human Sex Differences and Similarities
As it is shown, biosocial construction theory correctly situates women’s and men”s behavior within cultural and historical contexts, and cannot effectively explain the variation in sex differences across cultures and over historical time.
A sociocultural framework for understanding partner preferences of women and men: Integration of concepts and evidence
In the current sociocultural framework for understanding mating preferences, we propose that gender roles affect sex differences and similarities in mate preferences. Gender roles, in turn, are
Women and Men of the Past, Present, and Future: Evidence of Dynamic Gender Stereotypes in Ghana
People represent social groups by their trajectories through time, producing dynamic stereotypes. To the extent that these stereotypes derive from observations of group members’ behaviors in their
The reality and evolutionary significance of human psychological sex differences
  • J. Archer
  • Psychology
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2019
The evidence was positive for most features in most categories, suggesting evolutionary origins for a broad range of sex differences, and within‐sex variations are discussed as limitations to the emphasis on sex differences.
Gendered Fitness Interests: A Method Partitioning the Effects of Family Composition on Socio-Political Attitudes and Behaviors
The proposal provides a framework for the study of the effects of kin on traits and attitudes with a gendered dimension and may prove generally useful in resolving the complex origins of gendered behavior.


A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and men: implications for the origins of sex differences.
The cross-cultural evidence on the behavior of women and men in nonindustrial societies, especially the activities that contribute to the sex-typed division of labor and patriarchy, is reviewed.
The origins of sex differences in human behavior: Evolved dispositions versus social roles
The present article contrasts these 2 origin theories of sex differences and illustrates the explanatory power of each to account for the overall differences between the mate selection preferences of men and women.
The Family Contexts of Gender Development in Childhood and Adolescence
We review research on the family's role in gender development during childhood and adolescence. Our discussion highlights children's dyadic family relationship experiences with their parents and
The Early Development of Gender Differences
This article reviews findings from anthropology, psychology, and other disciplines about the role of biological factors in the development of sex differences in human behavior, including biological
Culture, gender, and the self: variations and impact of social comparison processes.
This research on gender differences in self-construals involving 950 participants from 5 nations/cultures illustrates how variations in social comparison processes across cultures can explain why gender differences are stronger in Western cultures.
Gender stereotypes stem from the distribution of women and men into social roles
According to stereotypic beliefs about the sexes, women are more communal (selfless and concerned with others) and less agentic (self-assertive and motivated to master) than men. These beliefs were
Does sexual selection explain human sex differences in aggression?
  • J. Archer
  • Psychology, Biology
    The Behavioral and brain sciences
  • 2009
I argue that the magnitude and nature of sex differences in aggression, their development, causation, and variability, can be better explained by sexual selection than by the alternative biosocial
Sex Differences in Personality Traits and Gender-Related Occupational Preferences across 53 Nations: Testing Evolutionary and Social-Environmental Theories
  • R. Lippa
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2010
It is suggested that biological factors may contribute to sex differences in personality and that culture plays a negligible to small role in moderating sex Differences in personality.
Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation.
This article presents the social cognitive theory of gender role development and functioning, which specifies how gender conceptions are constructed from the complex mix of experiences and how they operate in concert with motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms to guide gender-linked conduct throughout the life course.
The Impact of Social Roles on Trait Judgments
Judges of men and women using measures that do or do not restrain shifts to within-sex standards support the social role theory claim that designations of identical roles for subgroups ofMen and women eliminate or reduce perceived sex differences.