Biophysical injury mechanisms in electrical shock trauma.

  title={Biophysical injury mechanisms in electrical shock trauma.},
  author={Raphael C. Lee and Dongmao Zhang and J{\"u}rgen Hannig},
  journal={Annual review of biomedical engineering},
Electrical shock trauma tends to produce a very complex pattern of injury, mainly because of the multiple modes of frequency-dependent tissue-field interactions. Historically, Joule heating was thought to be the only cause of electrical injuries to tissue by commercial-frequency electrical shocks. In the last 15 years, biomedical engineering research has improved the understanding of the underlying biophysical injury mechanisms. Besides thermal burns secondary to Joule heating, permeabilization… CONTINUE READING
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