Biomonitoring of metal exposure in children in a northern city of Japan.

  • Hyogo Horiguchi
  • Published 2015 in Environmental health and preventive medicine


The authors describe their study as a ‘‘cross-sectional study’’. According to the basic definition of epidemiological terminology, a cross-sectional study determines both exposure and disease outcome simultaneously for each subject [2]. However, this study investigated only exposure to metals, without any information on health effects. Therefore, this study… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s12199-015-0460-8


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