Biomonitoring of heavy metals in the Western European Rivers Rhine and Meuse using the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha.

Abstract

Since 1976, active and passive biological monitoring programs using the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha have been carried out to study trends in the bioavailability of heavy metals in the rivers Rhine and Meuse. The Cd concentration in mussels exposed in the river Rhine has decreased from 74 mg kg(-1) in 1976 to 1.5 mg kg(-1) in 1988. In the river… (More)

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