Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies

  title={Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies},
  author={M. Tistarelli and Enrico Grosso and Didier Meuwly},
Biometrics has historically found its natural mate in Forensics. The first applications found in the literature and over cited so many times, are related to biometric measurements for the identification of multiple offenders from some of their biometric and anthropometric characteristics (tenprint cards) and individualization of offender from traces found on crime-scenes (e.g. fingermarks, earmarks, bitemarks, DNA). From sir Francis Galton, to the introduction of AFIS systems in the scientific… 
Biometric Technologies for Forensic Science and Policing: State of the Art
In this chapter, after a review of the actual state of the art in forensic biometric systems, it is postulate that there is a challenge to be faced with more advanced tools and testing on operational data.
Evidence Evaluation of Gait Biometrics for Forensic Investigation
The suitability of gait recognition for forensic analysis emerges from the fact that gait can be perceived at distance from the camera even with poor resolution, which makes gait identification ideal for situations where direct contact with the perpetrator is not possible.
Reliability of voice comparison for forensic applications
It is shown that oral vowels, nasal vowels and nasal consonants bring more speaker-specific information than averaged phonemic content in FVC accuracy, and an approach to predict the LR reliability based only on the pair of voice recordings is investigated.
Anomalous behaviour detection using heterogeneous data
A new method to detect abnormal behaviour is proposed using heterogeneous data and combining the data using data fusion technique, which can assist human experts in their investigations and making final decisions.
Applying Computational Intelligence to Community Policing and Forensic Investigations
This chapter describes a new method for applying computational intelligence to Community Policing and forensic investigation based on heterogeneous data and applies it to the well-known VAST Challenge 2014.
Securing Social Identity in Mobile Platforms: Technologies for Security, Privacy and Identity Management
This chapter shows how the images shared by users can be applied to fingerprint the acquisition devices and link user profiles on social networks.


Forensic biometrics: From two communities to one discipline
  • D. Meuwly, R. Veldhuis
  • Computer Science
    2012 BIOSIG - Proceedings of the International Conference of Biometrics Special Interest Group (BIOSIG)
  • 2012
How the fields of biometrics and forensic science can contribute and benefit from each other is described to foster the development of new methods and tools improving the current forensic biometric applications and allowing for the creation of new ones.
Quantifying the weight of evidence from a forensic fingerprint comparison: a new paradigm
A formal model for assigning numerical values to configurations of minutiae in fingerprints is described and how the parameters of the model have been optimized to take account of interoperator variability and distortion of the finger pad is described.
2D and 3D face recognition: A survey
Forensics Without Uniqueness, Conclusions Without Individualization: The New Epistemology of Forensic Identification
Among the causes of the current sense that the forensic identification disciplines are ‘under siege’ are conceptual difficulties in these disciplines. Forensic identification disciplines either claim
On the Use of SIFT Features for Face Authentication
This paper investigates the application of the SIFT approach in the context of face authentication, and proposes and tests different matching schemes using the BANCA database and protocol, showing promising results.
Advances in Biometrics, International Conference, ICB 2007, Seoul, Korea, August 27-29, 2007, Proceedings
Fingerprint Matching with an Evolutionary Approach.- Stability Analysis of Constrained Nonlinear Phase Portrait Models of Fingerprint Orientation Images.- Effectiveness of Pen Pressure, Azimuth, and Altitude Features for Online Signature Verification.
Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition
This unique reference work is an absolutely essential resource for all biometric security professionals, researchers, and systems administrators.
The detection and enhancement of latent fingermarks using infrared chemical imaging.
A new technique, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) chemical imaging, has been demonstrated for the enhancement of latent fingermarks on a number of surfaces, including the Australian polymer banknote.
3D Face Recognition Using Joint Differential Invariants
A novel approach for 3D face recognition based on joint differential invariants, projecting a 3D shape in a 9-dimensional space where the effect of rotation and translation is removed, so the matching between two different 3D samples can be directly performed in the invariant space.
A Method for Registration of 3-D Shapes
A general-purpose, representation-independent method for the accurate and computationally efficient registration of 3-D shapes including free-form curves and surfaces based on the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm.