Biomedical differences between human and nonhuman hominids: potential roles for uniquely human aspects of sialic acid biology.

@article{Varki2011BiomedicalDB,
  title={Biomedical differences between human and nonhuman hominids: potential roles for uniquely human aspects of sialic acid biology.},
  author={Nissi M. Varki and Elizabeth A. Strobert and Edward J. Dick and Kurt Benirschke and Ajit Varki},
  journal={Annual review of pathology},
  year={2011},
  volume={6},
  pages={365-93}
}
Although humans are genetically very similar to the evolutionarily related nonhuman hominids (chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans), comparative studies suggest a surprising number of uniquely human differences in the incidence and/or severity of biomedical conditions. Some differences are due to anatomical changes that occurred during human evolution. However, many cannot be explained either by these changes or by known environmental factors. Because chimpanzees were long considered… CONTINUE READING

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