Biomechanics of windmill softball pitching with implications about injury mechanisms at the shoulder and elbow.

Abstract

Underhand pitching has received minimal attention in the sports medicine literature. This may be due to the perception that, compared with overhead pitching, the underhand motion creates less stress on the arm, which results in fewer injuries. The purpose of this study was to calculate kinematic and kinetic parameters for the pitching motion used in fast… (More)

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@article{Barrentine1998BiomechanicsOW, title={Biomechanics of windmill softball pitching with implications about injury mechanisms at the shoulder and elbow.}, author={Steven W. Barrentine and Glenn S Fleisig and John A. Whiteside and Rafael F. Escamilla and James Andrews}, journal={The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy}, year={1998}, volume={28 6}, pages={405-15} }