Biomechanics of mammalian terrestrial locomotion.

@article{Biewener1990BiomechanicsOM,
  title={Biomechanics of mammalian terrestrial locomotion.},
  author={Andrew A. Biewener},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={250 4984},
  pages={1097-103}
}
Mammalian skeletons experience peak locomotor stresses (force per area) that are 25 to 50% of their failure strength, indicating a safety factor of between two and four. The mechanism by which animals achieve a constant safety factor varies depending on the size of the animal. Over much of their size (0.1 to 300 kilograms), larger mammals maintain uniform skeletal stress primarily by having a more upright posture, which decreases mass-specific muscle force by increasing muscle mechanical… CONTINUE READING
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