Biomechanics: Are fast-moving elephants really running?

  title={Biomechanics: Are fast-moving elephants really running?},
  author={John R. Hutchinson and Dan Famini and Richard Lair and Rodger Kram},
It is generally thought that elephants do not run, but there is confusion about how fast they can move across open terrain and what gait they use at top speed. Here we use video analysis to show that Asian elephants (Elephas maximus L.) can move at surprisingly high speeds of up to 6.8 m s−1 (25 km h−1) and that, although their gait might seem to be a walk even at this speed, some features of their locomotion conform to definitions of running. 

Paper Mentions

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Quadruped animals have a unique mechanism of movement that minimizes energy use and allows muscles to work effectively. Elephants are the biggest quadruped animals on earth and how they stabilizeExpand
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