• Corpus ID: 25786854

Biomechanical and physiological comparison of barefoot and two shod conditions in experienced barefoot runners.

@article{Squadrone2009BiomechanicalAP,
  title={Biomechanical and physiological comparison of barefoot and two shod conditions in experienced barefoot runners.},
  author={Roberto Squadrone and Claudio Gallozzi},
  journal={The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness},
  year={2009},
  volume={49 1},
  pages={
          6-13
        }
}
AIM The first aim of this study was to assess how changes in the mechanical characteristics of the foot/shoe-ground interface affect spatio-temporal variables, ground pressure distribution, sagittal plane kinematics, and running economy in 8 experienced barefoot runners. The second aim was to assess if a special lightweight shoe (Vibram Fivefingers) was effective in mimic the experience of barefoot running. METHODS By using an instrumented treadmill, barefoot running, running with the… 

Running in a minimalist and lightweight shoe is not the same as running barefoot: a biomechanical study

Barefoot running changes the amount of work done at the knee and ankle joints and this may have therapeutic and performance implications for runners.

Biomechanical Performance of Habitually Barefoot and Shod Runners during Barefoot Jogging and Running

Habitually barefoot and shod runner from different ethnics still exist significant differences in lower-extremity ROM; and different foot morphological of participants is an important influential factor for these variations.

The influence of barefoot and barefoot-inspired footwear on the kinetics and kinematics of running in comparison to conventional running shoes

Barefoot running is associated with impact kinetics linked to an increased risk of overuse injury when compared to conventional shod running, and the mechanics of the shoes that aim to simulate barefoot movement patterns do not seem to closely mimic the kinematics of barefoot locomotion.

Acute kinematics changes in marathon runners using different footwear

Contrary to the expectations, it was found that highly trained habitually shod elite marathon runners changed their lower limb kinematic pattern both when running barefoot or wearing minimalist shoes.

Habitual Minimalist Shod Running Biomechanics and the Acute Response to Running Barefoot.

Findings illustrate that risk factors for injury potentially differ between the two groups, and the purported benefits of minimalist running shoes in mimicking habitual barefoot running is questioned, and risk of injury may not be attenuated.

Acute effect of different minimalist shoes on foot strike pattern and kinematics in rearfoot strikers during running

It appears that minimalist footwear with lower heel heights and minimal shock absorption is more effective in replicating barefoot running.

Lower Extremity Joint Kinematics of Shod, Barefoot, and Simulated Barefoot Treadmill Running

The runners were able to simulate an important element of barefoot running, but they did not completely mimic their barefootRunning pattern, which is not always practical while running on a fitness center treadmill.

Influence of barefoot, barefoot inspired and conventional shoes on tibial accelerations and loading kinetics during running in natural rearfoot strikers

Running barefoot and in footwear designed to mimic barefoot locomotion, has received considerable attention in footwear research. This study examined the differences in impact force and tibial
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES

Mechanical comparison of barefoot and shod running.

Barefoot running leads to a reduction of impact peak in order to reduce the high mechanical stress occurring during repetitive steps, and this neural-mechanical adaptation could also enhance the storage and restitution of elastic energy at ankle extensors level.

Effects of shoes and foot orthotics on VO2 and selected frontal plane knee kinematics.

It appears that if orthotics do, in fact, improve running economy by improving running mechanics, the amount of improvement is negated by the additional cost of running associated with the mass of the orthotics.

Ground reaction forces at different speeds of human walking and running.

There is a change with speed in the complex interaction between vertical and horizontal forces needed for propulsion and equilibrium during human locomotion in walking and running.

Kinematically mediated effects of sport shoe design: a review.

The abundance of shoe design possibilities coupled with the body's tendency to adjust in predictable ways to shoe mechanical characteristics have given a new way to manipulate human kinematics and kinetics, as well as a convenient model for studying biomechanical adaptation.

Running-related injury prevention through barefoot adaptations.

It is hypothesized that the adaptations which produce shock absorption, an inherent consequence of barefoot activity and a mechanism responsible for the low injury frequency in unshod populations, are related to deflection of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot on loading.

Biomechanical Variables and the Perception of Cushioning for Running in Various Types of Footwear

Using a 15-point rating scale, subjects rated perception of cushioning during running on a treadmill with three different footwear constructions of varying midsole hardness. During overground

Plantar Foot Pressures During Treadmill Walking with High-Heel and Low-Heel Shoes

It was shown that high-heel shoes increased the load on the forefoot and relieved it on the hindfoot, and it is suggested that these higher loads on the medial forefoot may aggravate symptoms in patients with hallux valgus deformity.

Functional variability of the lower extremity during the support phase of running.

The magnitude of the variability obtained for the parameters evaluated would seem to indicate a need for calculating representative or average values if subtle differences in lower extremity function are to be detected.