Biomaterials for Dental Implants: An Overview

  title={Biomaterials for Dental Implants: An Overview},
  author={B C Muddugangadhar and G S Amarnath and Siddhi Tripathi and Suchismita Dikshit and Di Blassi Ms},
  journal={International Journal of Oral Implantology and Clinical Research},
The goal of modern dentistry is to restore the patient to normal contour, function, comfort, esthetics, speech and health regardless of theatrophy, disease or injury of the stomatognathic system. As a result of continued research in treatment planning, implant designs,materials and techniques, predictable success is now a reality for the rehabilitation of many challenging situations. The biocompatibilityprofiles of synthetic substances (biomaterials) used for the replacement or augmentation of… Expand
Evolution of implant biomaterials: A literature review
This literature review summarizes the evolution of biomaterials, its characteristics, effects on tissues and its impact on the treatment outcome, and compares the conventional titanium with the recently popular zirconium implants, helping the clinician to choose the ideal implant biomaterial in clinical practice. Expand
Types of Implants
The goal of modern implant dentistry is no longer represented solely by successful Osseo integration. Today clinicians can prescribe the use of implants with the knowledge and confidence that theyExpand
Current Trends in Implant Dentistry: A Review
Tooth loss is a very common problem; therefore, the use of dental implants is also a common practice. Although research on dental implant designs, materials and techniques has increased in the pastExpand
Biomimetic Materials in Dentistry
With the arrival of technology, during the last two decades, numerous changes have been made in the field of restorative dentistry. This article reviews the various biomimetic materials and itsExpand
Implant biomaterials: A comprehensive review.
Various dental bio-materials which were used in the past and as well as the latest material used now are summarized. Expand
Biomaterials in implantology: A review
Biomaterials used in implantology have evolved over a period of time. In quest for desirable mechanical, physical and biological properties of material, numerous modifications have been made inExpand
Dental implantology that become a predictable and highly acceptable treatment modality for the restoration of the human dental and oral apparatus, has need not even for a series of surgical,Expand
Implant Material Sciences.
The dental implants are improving as a result of new technological and scientific advances and currently, the focus is on using Roxolid, surface-modified titanium implants, and zirconia. Expand
Implant surface modification strategies through antibacterial and bioactive components
Abstract Implant-dependent therapies are now growing in the modern world, due to their capacity to repair, rehabilitate, or improve damages in tissue or organ. Recently, several biopolymer asExpand
Surface Treatment on Dental Implants–A Review
DOI: 10.21276/sjds.2018.5.1.7 Abstract: Over the years implant design by various researchers have been introduced as well as modification to the surface of titanium being used .The field of surfaceExpand


Nonalloyed titanium as a bioinert metal--a review.
A thorough review of the medical and dental literature reveals that titanium can also cause chemical-biological interactions, and the biostability of titanium is becoming increasingly questioned. Expand
Titanium for prosthodontic applications: a review of the literature.
The development and properties of titanium are described and the literature related to the use of titanium in prosthodontics is reviewed, for the purpose of evaluating the present status and future trends in its use. Expand
Dental implant biomaterials.
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Synthetic materials for surgical implant devices have evolved from the early metallic systems to a variety of material combinations and composites, providing relatively optimal stable bone and soft tissue interfaces and simplified restorative treatments. Expand
Titanium: the mystery metal of implant dentistry. Dental materials aspects.
T titanium and its alloys, particularly the alpha-beta alloy, possess mechanical properties that make them ideal implant materials and the stability and inertness of this surface oxide layer acts to protect Ti from corrosive breakdown when used in the body. Expand
Titanium and titanium alloys as dental materials.
Although more research is still needed in areas such as development of optimal casting investments, porcelain veneering systems, device designs, and controlled biological responses, the present and future uses of titanium appear bright for dentistry. Expand
Loaded hydroxylapatite-coated and grit-blasted titanium implants in dogs.
The HAC implants had a statistically significant greater amount of bone apposed to their axial and apical surfaces compared to the GT implants, and soft-tissue pocket depths were not statistically different between the HAC and GT implants. Expand
Did we push dental ceramics too far? A brief history of ceramic dental implants.
Single crystal sapphire aluminum oxide endosseous implant was developed in 1972 as an alternative to metal, but fell into irredeemable disfavor because of its poor impact strength, and dentists and surgeons eventually turned to other implant materials. Expand
The biocompatibility of dental implant materials measured in an animal model.
The biocompatibility of two implant materials, vitallium and poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA), was evaluated in an animal model in which bone formation and resorption are independent of each other, suggesting that inhibition of bone formation was due to the presence of residual monomer. Expand
Corrosion susceptibility of titanium covered by dental cements.
Polarization resistance of titanium electrodes has been determined for uncovered metal and electrodes covered with five different dental cements, and coverage with zinc eugenate led to more resistance to corrosion, but fluorinated composite such as glass-ionomer and zinc phosphate coverage increased the corrosion susceptibility. Expand
Principles and Practice of Implant Dentistry
This chapter discusses the foundation of Implant Dentistry, and the clinical practice of Mainstream Implant dentistry, as well as examples of Intermediate and Specialty-Level Cases. Expand