Biomarkers of lead exposure.

  title={Biomarkers of lead exposure.},
  author={Tadashi Sakai},
  journal={Industrial health},
  volume={38 2},
Biomarkers of exposure, effect, and susceptibility are reviewed in relation to lead exposure. Of the biomarkers of lead exposure, blood lead (Pb-B), mainly red cell lead, is a representative of soft tissue lead, and most widely used as measures of body burden and absorbed (internal) doses of lead. Urine lead (Pb-U) as well as plasma lead (Pb-P) increases exponentially with increasing Pb-B under a steady-state situation and is a reflection of recent exposure. The amount of lead in plasma and… CONTINUE READING
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