Biomarkers and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analyses.

  title={Biomarkers and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analyses.},
  author={Catia Scassellati and Cristian Bonvicini and Stephen V Faraone and Massimo Gennarelli},
  journal={Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry},
  volume={51 10},
OBJECTIVE To determine whether peripheral biochemical markers (biomarkers) might differentiate patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from non-ADHD individuals. METHOD We conducted a systematic search and a series of meta-analyses of case-control studies comprising studies from 1969 to 2011. RESULTS We identified 210 studies in the following categories: 71 studies of the main metabolites and metabolism enzymes of monoaminergic neurotransmission pathway; 87 studies of… CONTINUE READING
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