Biomarker-calibrated energy and protein consumption and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women.

@article{Prentice2011BiomarkercalibratedEA,
  title={Biomarker-calibrated energy and protein consumption and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women.},
  author={Ross L. Prentice and Ying Che Huang and Lewis H. Kuller and Lesley F Tinker and Linda V. Van Horn and Marcia L. Stefanick and Gloria E. Sarto and Judith K. Ockene and Karen C Johnson},
  journal={Epidemiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={22 2},
  pages={170-9}
}
BACKGROUND Nutritional epidemiology cohort studies primarily use food frequency questionnaires (FFQs). In part because FFQs are more reliable for nutrient densities than for absolute nutrient consumption, reports from association studies typically present only nutrient density measures in relation to disease risk. METHODS We used objective biomarkers to correct FFQ assessments for measurement error, and examined absolute energy and protein consumption in relation to cardiovascular disease… CONTINUE READING