Bioluminescence and the Pelagic Visual Environment

@article{Widder2002BioluminescenceAT,
  title={Bioluminescence and the Pelagic Visual Environment},
  author={Edith A. Widder},
  journal={Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology},
  year={2002},
  volume={35},
  pages={1 - 26}
}
  • E. Widder
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Environmental Science
  • Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology
Bioluminescence is a relatively rare phenomenon in the terrestrial world. Fireflies are the best-known examples, although there are also bioluminescent earthworms, beetles, millipedes, centipedes, flies, snails and fungi. None of these creatures are found in high abundance and do not appear to play a significant role in the balance of nature on land. In contrast, bioluminescent organisms in the ocean are so abundant that their significance in marine ecosystems is beyond question. However… 
Quantification of bioluminescence from the surface to the deep sea demonstrates its predominance as an ecological trait
TLDR
Video observations were recorded by remotely operated vehicles during surveys off the California Coast, from the surface down to 3,900 m depth, showing that 76% of the observed individuals have bioluminescence capability.
Bioluminescence in the Ocean: Origins of Biological, Chemical, and Ecological Diversity
  • E. Widder
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Science
  • 2010
TLDR
Recent advances in understanding bioluminescence in the ocean are reviewed and future research efforts that will unite molecular details with ecological and evolutionary relationships are highlighted.
Bioluminescence and Photoreception in Unicellular Organisms: Light-Signalling in a Bio-Communication Perspective
TLDR
The hypothesis that similar to visual animals, the interplay between light-emission and reception could play multiple roles in intra- and interspecific communication and participate in complex behaviour in the unicellular world is proposed.
Bioluminescence of Tomopteridae species (Annelida) : multidisciplinary approach
TLDR
This work aims to explore the functional hypothesis of bioluminescence in Tomopteris helgolandica as main model species and in four related species, suggesting that both gland types evolved from a common light-emitting structure and differentiated along a functional and migrational axis.
Naturally occurring bioluminescence on the deep-sea floor
SPLAT CAM: mapping plankton distributions with bioluminescent road-kill
  • E. Widder
  • Environmental Science
    OCEANS '02 MTS/IEEE
  • 2002
The most common sources of planktonic bioluminescence are dinoflagellates, copepods, euphausiids, ostracods and gelatinous zooplankton. Each of these has very distinctive flash characteristics that
Reviews and syntheses: Bacterial bioluminescence – ecology and impact in the biological carbon pump
Abstract. Around 30 species of marine bacteria can emit light, a critical characteristic in the oceanic environment is mostly deprived of sunlight. In this article, we first review current knowledge
Bioluminescence in the sea.
TLDR
A review of recent advances in understanding of the molecular basis of bioluminescence, its physiological control, and its significance in marine communities explores recent advances, including the chemical and molecular, phylogenetic and functional, community and oceanographic aspects.
Does Dinoflagellate Bioluminescence Deter Shrimp Grazing? an Investigation into the Burglar Alarm Hypothesis
  • Environmental Science
Bioluminescence, the emission of light by living organisms, has evolved independently many times. In most simple organisms, including dinoflagellates, the ecological function of light emission is not
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 129 REFERENCES
BIOLUMINESCENCE AND OPTICAL VARIABILITY IN THE OCEAN : AN OVERVIEW OF THE MARINE LIGHT-MIXED LAYERS PROGRAM
Bioluminescence is the production of light from a chemiluminescent reaction in living organisms. Although compared to sunlight and moonlight, it is very dim [e.g., Smith et al., 1989], it features
Observations on luminescence in pelagic animals
TLDR
The intensities of light emitted by some pelagic species of animals are measured to discuss more profitably such biological problems as the role of luminescence in intraspecific signalling, sex recognition, swarming, and attraction or repulsion between species.
Crypsis in the Pelagic Environment
TLDR
Special attention is given to transparency as the most prevalent, yet least understood, of these mechanisms that are used in predator-prey interactions, and particular emphasis is placed on light as a determinant of effective modes of crypsis in the two different habitats.
AN ENDOGENOUS DIURNAL RHYTHM OF BIOLUMINESCENCE IN A NATURAL POPULATION OF DINOFLAGELLATES
TLDR
Most dinoflagellate species and individuals taken from Eel Pond during this study were luminescent and these were sufficient in abundance to explain all the luminescence recorded, and the effects of temperature, depth and other environmental conditions are unknown.
Bioluminescence of Colonial Radiolaria in the Western Sargasso Sea
Epipelagic planktonic bioluminescence in the marginal ice zone of the Greenland Sea
TLDR
No enhancement of chlorophyll, zooplankton biomass or bioluminescence was observed in the marginal ice zone compared to the adjacent open waters of the Fram Strait during this spring cruise.
Dinoflagellate luminescence increases susceptibility of zooplankton to teleost predation
TLDR
The study demonstrates the effects of secondary luminescence on zooplankton predation at normally encountered dinoflagellate concentrations as well as investigating the "burglar alarm" theory of bioluminescence.
Bioluminescence Measurements and Light Budget Analysis in the Vestfjord, Norway in the Fall 1989
TLDR
Light budgets were constructed from biological collections and compared with bathyphotometric measurements of bioluminescence intensity made at five stations in Vestfjord, Norway, during October 1989, which suggested three different types of biolauminescent profiles.
Spectral composition of bioluminescence of epipelagic organisms from the Sargasso Sea
TLDR
The spectral characteristics of single identified epipelagic sources of bioluminescence from the western Sargasso Sea were measured with an optical multichannel analyzer (OMA) system during the April, 1985, Biowatt cruise, suggesting that the spectral emissions in the upper water column will vary, based on species assemblage.
...
...