Biology and mating behavior of Xylocopa virginica L. (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae)

  title={Biology and mating behavior of Xylocopa virginica L. (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae)},
  author={Dan Gerling and Henry R. Hermann},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
SummaryThe biology and behavior of Xylocopa virginica L. were followed in the area of Athens, Georgia (USA) from August 1973 until September 1974. Several nests were X-rayed regularly during the developmental period of the bees, and information about the life cycle and development was obtained. The bees emerge in June and stay in their nests with their sibs throughout the summer, fall, and winter, leaving only occasionally on warm days to search for nectar as food. In March and April males… 

The evolution of the mating system of the Carpenter bee Xylocopa varipuncta(Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)

The Carpenter bee, Xylocopa varipuncta, appears to have evolved a dispersed lek mating system, where males leave the natal nest in the late afternoon in March and April to hover in the crowns of non-flowering trees growing in desert washes.

Comparisons in nesting biology of two sympatric carpenter bee species (Apidae: Xylocopini)

Nests of X. ordinaria dug in wider substrates had more tunnels, and the width of nest tunnels and the dimensions of brood cells were smaller than were observed for X. frontalis.

Relationships between Nest Architecture and Behavior in Xylocopa virginica (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Nests of the North American carpenter bee, Xylocopa virginica, were collected in southern Ontario and it was determined that the brood cells are provisioned sequentially both within and among branches.

Social Behaviour of the Carpenter Bee Xylocopa pubescens (Spinola)

The development of about 20 relatively small nests of Xylocopa pubescens was studied, and it was found that part of the food needed for the development of a young bee is not given at the larval stage, via the beebread, but at the teneral adult stage.

The sociality of Xylocopa pubescens: does a helper really help?

The most important benefits were the protection that a guard provided against pollen robbery by conspecifics and the longer foraging time available to a forager when her nest was protected.

Social Organization in reactivated nests of three species ofXylocopa (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae) in southeastern Brasil

It was observed that in each species the association of females started at the final phase of the biological cycle, when the reactivation of the nests began, and this behaviour was transitory and the final pattern attained was communal.

Change in mandibular and mesosomal gland contents of maleXylocopa micans (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) associated with mating system

Mandibular and mesosomal gland contents are different in bees employing the two mating systems in south-central Texas, and these findings are discussed relative to the proposed sex pheromone function ofXylocopa gland secretions.

Colony Social Organisation and Alternative Social Strategies in the Eastern Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa virginica

  • M. Richards
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Insect Behavior
  • 2011
The eastern carpenter bee, Xylocopa virginica, can nest either solitarily or in groups, and most nests are social, containing groups of two to five adult females.

Cooperative Nesting in the Multivoltine Large Carpenter Bee Xylocopa sulcatipes Maa (Apoidea: Anthophoridae): Do Helpers Gain or Lose to Solitary Females?

Evidence is presented to show that subordinate behaviour can have an adaptive value and can ultimately be beneficial through nest inheritance by the subordinate bee.

Eastern Carpenter Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Nest Structure, Nest Cell Provisions, and Trap Nest Acceptance in Rhode Island

Analysis of pollen provisions in Xylocopa virginica (L.) nests in southern Rhode Island showed that this species produced pollen loaves from 21 different genera of plants in 2016, 19 in 2017, and 39 in 2018, which indicates that understanding the nesting and foraging habits of X. virginica will help to manage natural populations for pollination services.



Life of the Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa virginica (Linn.) (Xylocopidae, Hymenoptera)

This, the common carpenter bee of eastern North America, inhabits a system of longitudinal or vertical tunnels, with a single entrance, bored presumably only in dead but solid wood, either deciduous

The Yellow-banded Carpenter Bee, Mesotrichia caffra Linn, and its Symbiotic Mite, Dinogamasus Braunsi Vitzthun

This paper deals with the annual cycle and life history or the common African carpenter bee, Mesothrlchia caffra, and its relationship with the mite, Dinogamasus braunsi. There is only one generation


HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not, for teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers.

Observations on the Bionomics of Some Neotropical Xylocopine Bees, with Comparative and Biofaunistic Notes (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae) (With 59 Text-figures and 7 Tables)

Title Observations on the Bionomics of Some Neotropical Xylocopine Bees, with Comparative and Biofaunistic Notes (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae) (With 59 Text-figures and 7 Tables) Author(s) SAKAGAMI,

A New-World Subgenus of Bamboo-Nesting Carpenter Bees Belonging to the Genus Xylocopa Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)

A new subgenus, Stenoxylocopa, type species Xylocopa artifex Smith, is proposed for a New-World group of bamboo-nesting carpenter bees. Some aspects of the nesting habits of a new-described species,

Biology and behaviour of Carpenter bees in southern Africa

In southern Africa there are some 30 species belonging to a single genus Xylocopa Latreille. The most important features of nesting woods used by carpenter bees are hardness and texture, botanical

Lebensgeschichte der holzbienen, xylocopa latr. (apoidea)

  • S. J. Malyshev
  • Biology
    Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere
  • 2004