Biology, epidemiology, and control of Heterobasidion species worldwide.

  title={Biology, epidemiology, and control of Heterobasidion species worldwide.},
  author={Matteo Garbelotto and Paolo Gonthier},
  journal={Annual review of phytopathology},
Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato is a species complex comprising five species that are widely distributed in coniferous forests of the Northern Hemisphere and are each characterized by a distinct host preference. More than 1,700 papers have been published on these fungi in the past four decades, making them perhaps the most widely studied forest fungi. Heterobasidion species are at different levels on the saprotroph-necrotroph gradient, and the same individual can switch from one mode to the… 

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