Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth

  title={Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth},
  author={Narayan S. Talekar and Anthony M Shelton},
  journal={Annual Review of Entomology},
In recent years, the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae), has become the most destructive insect of cruciferous plants throughout the world, and the annual cost for managing it is estimated to be U.S. $I billion (168). Members of the plant family Cruciferae occur temperate and tropical climates and represent a diverse, widespread, and important plant group that includes cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, collards, rapeseed, mustard, and Chinese cabbage, the most… 

Biological control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella: A review

The effectiveness of various parasitoids and entomopathogens against DBM, interactions among them, and their possible integration into modern IPM programs are reviewed.

Management of the diamondback moth : déjà vu all over again ?

The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), is considered the most universally distributed of all Lepidoptera and the main insect pest of crucifers worldwide. Although P. xylostella is confined

The management of diamondback moth and other crucifer pests : proceedings of the fifth international workshop

The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is considered the most universally distributed of all Lepidoptera and the main insect pest of crucifers worldwide, resulting in increased crucifer production and changing management practices.

Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth in China.

Genetic studies suggest that insecticide-resistant populations migrate northward in spring and that back migrations may occur in southern provinces, and Nationally coordinated research is developing regional management strategies that integrate locally appropriate biological, physical, cultural, and insecticidal control.

First Record of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Interior Alaska

This note documents the first collection of this pest species in interior Alaska, with continued moderation of the climate due to global climate change, this species has the potential to become an increasingly important agricultural pest in the state.

Ecology of diamondback moth in Australian canola: landscape perspectives and the implications for management

Five critical research issues are identified: improved understanding of the factors which determine regional movement patterns of diamondback in canola-growing areas, the development and implementation of flexible insecticide resistance management strategies, and greater appreciation of the interactions between DBM and its crop and weedy host plants.

Evolutionary Ecology of Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) and Diadegma insulare (Cresson) in North America: A Review

This review synthesizes published information on the primary aspects of P. xylostella origin, dispersal, migration, biology, and host plants and mainly focus on evolutionary ecology of bitrophic and tritrophic interactions among the pest, its host plants, natural enemies and natural enemies.

Natural History, Ecology, and Management of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), With Emphasis on the United States

The natural history and ecology of diamondback moth is summarized and options for its sampling and management are presented, highlighting recent research that may lead to a more integrated approach to managing this pest and the suite of other insect pests of Brassica crops.

Threat to Vegetable Production by Diamondback Moth and its Management Strategies

Diamondback moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella (Linneaus) is one of the most destructive pests of crucifers viz., cabbage, cauliflower radish, knol khol, turnip, beet root, mustard and rape seed in India and the first crop pest in the world to develop resistance to DDT and Bacillus thuringiensis.

The diamondback moth with special reference to its parasitoids in South Africa

The large number of indigenous plants from the Brassicaceae, the many species of DBM parasitoids and a bisexual form of the parasitoid D. collaris in South Africa suggest that DBM might have originated in southern Africa.



Biology of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella maculipennis (Curt.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), in Eastern Ontario. II. Life-History, Behaviour, and Host Relationships

The diamondback moth, Plutella maculipennis (Curt.), is one of three species of Lepidoptera that annually cause serious commercial damage to cabbage and related crops in Ontario. It has long been

Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in South Texas: A Technique for Resistance Monitoring in the Field

Results from bioassays with the susceptible colony were used to develop a field technique for monitoring diamondback moth larvae insecticide resistance in the field and appears to be useful in making decisions about insecticide application in production fields in south Texas.

Teflubenzuron Resistance in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

Laboratory selection of susceptible and field strains of diamondback moth larvae for 20 generations or more resulted in only 8-12-fold resistance to teflubenzuron, a benzoylphenylurea that interferes with chitin synthesis.

Attraction of the diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to volatiles of Oriental mustard: the influence of age, sex, and prior exposure to mates and host plants.

A Y-tube behavioral bioassay was developed to investigate attraction of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), to volatiles from host plants, and the patterns of response are interpreted in relation to reproduction in this species.

Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Insecticides in Hawaii: Intra-Island Variation and Cross-Resistance

Results suggest that past selection by insecticides other than pyrethroids caused some cross-resistance to permethrin, and management of the diamondback moth with pathogens, natural enemies, cultural controls, and limited insecticide use may slow evolution of resistance.

Identification of chemical imposition stimulants for the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, present in three species of Brassicaceae

It is demonstrated that the moths do not discriminate between glucosinolates with different side‐chain structures, and in tests using allylglucosinolate the oviposition response was dose‐dependent, and one of the species tested, S. alba, contained a possible Oviposition deterrent.

Monitoring of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) in Cabbage With Pheromones

Pheromone trapping for monitoring Plutella xylostello and determining subsequent larval population trends in cabbage fields during 1979–1980 indicated that seasonal trends were similar between traps on the border and those in the center, despite variation between trap counts.

An Evaluation of Insect Resistance in Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Collards, and Kale

Plant resistance was based on both intrinsic and extrinsic (ecological) factors, and the interaction of both; each plant variety had its own pattern of resistance.


The study of population dynamics of six beetle pests in monocultures and polycultures of the corn-bean-squash agroecosystem in Costa Rica suggests that the Resource Concentration Hypothesis rather than the Enemieshypothesis can account for differences in beetle abundance.