Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth

  title={Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth},
  author={Narayan S. Talekar and Anthony M Shelton},
  journal={Annual Review of Entomology},
In recent years, the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae), has become the most destructive insect of cruciferous plants throughout the world, and the annual cost for managing it is estimated to be U.S. $I billion (168). Members of the plant family Cruciferae occur temperate and tropical climates and represent a diverse, widespread, and important plant group that includes cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, collards, rapeseed, mustard, and Chinese cabbage, the most… 
Biological control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella: A review
The effectiveness of various parasitoids and entomopathogens against DBM, interactions among them, and their possible integration into modern IPM programs are reviewed.
Management of the diamondback moth : déjà vu all over again ?
The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), is considered the most universally distributed of all Lepidoptera and the main insect pest of crucifers worldwide. Although P. xylostella is confined
The management of diamondback moth and other crucifer pests : proceedings of the fifth international workshop
The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is considered the most universally distributed of all Lepidoptera and the main insect pest of crucifers worldwide, resulting in increased crucifer production and changing management practices.
Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Diamondback Moth in China.
Genetic studies suggest that insecticide-resistant populations migrate northward in spring and that back migrations may occur in southern provinces, and Nationally coordinated research is developing regional management strategies that integrate locally appropriate biological, physical, cultural, and insecticidal control.
First Record of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Interior Alaska
This note documents the first collection of this pest species in interior Alaska, with continued moderation of the climate due to global climate change, this species has the potential to become an increasingly important agricultural pest in the state.
Ecology of diamondback moth in Australian canola: landscape perspectives and the implications for management
Five critical research issues are identified: improved understanding of the factors which determine regional movement patterns of diamondback in canola-growing areas, the development and implementation of flexible insecticide resistance management strategies, and greater appreciation of the interactions between DBM and its crop and weedy host plants.
Evolutionary Ecology of Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) and Diadegma insulare (Cresson) in North America: A Review
This review synthesizes published information on the primary aspects of P. xylostella origin, dispersal, migration, biology, and host plants and mainly focus on evolutionary ecology of bitrophic and tritrophic interactions among the pest, its host plants, natural enemies and natural enemies.
Diamondback moth ecology and management: problems, progress, and prospects.
Improved ecological understanding and the availability of a series of highly effective selective insecticides throughout the 1990s provided the basis for sustainable and economically viable integrated pest management (IPM) approaches, however, repeated reversion to scheduled insecticide applications has resulted in resistance to these and more recently introduced compounds and the breakdown of IPM programs.
Natural History, Ecology, and Management of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), With Emphasis on the United States
The natural history and ecology of diamondback moth is summarized and options for its sampling and management are presented, highlighting recent research that may lead to a more integrated approach to managing this pest and the suite of other insect pests of Brassica crops.
Threat to Vegetable Production by Diamondback Moth and its Management Strategies
Diamondback moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella (Linneaus) is one of the most destructive pests of crucifers viz., cabbage, cauliflower radish, knol khol, turnip, beet root, mustard and rape seed in India and the first crop pest in the world to develop resistance to DDT and Bacillus thuringiensis.


Biology of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella maculipennis (Curt.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), in Eastern Ontario. II. Life-History, Behaviour, and Host Relationships
The diamondback moth, Plutella maculipennis (Curt.), is one of three species of Lepidoptera that annually cause serious commercial damage to cabbage and related crops in Ontario. It has long been
Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in South Texas: A Technique for Resistance Monitoring in the Field
Results from bioassays with the susceptible colony were used to develop a field technique for monitoring diamondback moth larvae insecticide resistance in the field and appears to be useful in making decisions about insecticide application in production fields in south Texas.
Teflubenzuron Resistance in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)
Laboratory selection of susceptible and field strains of diamondback moth larvae for 20 generations or more resulted in only 8-12-fold resistance to teflubenzuron, a benzoylphenylurea that interferes with chitin synthesis.
Attraction of the diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to volatiles of Oriental mustard: the influence of age, sex, and prior exposure to mates and host plants.
A Y-tube behavioral bioassay was developed to investigate attraction of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), to volatiles from host plants, and the patterns of response are interpreted in relation to reproduction in this species.
Field Development of Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)
The results suggest that the potential for resistance development in pest populations is an important consideration for deployment of B. thuringiensis toxin genes in genetically-engineered crop plants and use in related tactics.
Plutella maculipennis , Curt., its natural and biological Control in England
Investigation showed that in New Zealand there were no natural enemies of importance, while in other areas these are constantly associated with Plutella, and there is reason to suppose that the introduction of parasites from the former country will lead to eventual control being obtained inNew Zealand.
Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Insecticides in Hawaii: Intra-Island Variation and Cross-Resistance
Results suggest that past selection by insecticides other than pyrethroids caused some cross-resistance to permethrin, and management of the diamondback moth with pathogens, natural enemies, cultural controls, and limited insecticide use may slow evolution of resistance.
Studies on diamondback moth in Venezuela with reference to other Latinamerican Countries.
The mean duration of lifecycle in Venezuela of diamondback moth was 76.14 days, and Malathion and diazinon are widely recommended for the control of this insect.
Identification of chemical imposition stimulants for the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, present in three species of Brassicaceae
It is demonstrated that the moths do not discriminate between glucosinolates with different side‐chain structures, and in tests using allylglucosinolate the oviposition response was dose‐dependent, and one of the species tested, S. alba, contained a possible Oviposition deterrent.