Biological methods for textile dye removal from wastewater: A review

  title={Biological methods for textile dye removal from wastewater: A review},
  author={Deepika Bhatia and Neeta Raj Sharma and Joginder Singh and Ramesh S. Kanwar},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology},
  pages={1836 - 1876}
ABSTRACT The textile sector is 14% of total industrial production in India and contributes to about 4% of the gross domestic product and earns about 27% of India's total foreign exchange. Worldwide, up to 10,000 dyes are available and their annual production is above 7 × 105 metric tons, which are being used not only in textile sector but also applied in paper, food and pharmaceutical industries. Textile industries in India have been consuming more than 100 L of water to process 1 kg of… Expand
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