Biological invaders are threats to human health: an overview

  title={Biological invaders are threats to human health: an overview},
  author={Gm Mazza and Elena Tricarico and Piero Genovesi and Francesca Gherardi},
  journal={Ethology Ecology \& Evolution},
  pages={112 - 129}
Invasive alien species are one of the major agents of human-accelerated global change: they threaten biodiversity, alter ecosystem structure, functions and services, inflict large economic costs and cause serious problems to human health. The effects on human health are indeed a major problem and also cause substantial costs but, surprisingly, very few studies have analyzed this topic. The paper describes and analyses the hazards to human health associated with species introductions, and… 
What evidence exists for changes in the occurrence, frequency or severity of human health impacts resulting from exposure to alien invasive species in Europe? A systematic map protocol
This mapping review aims at identifying any evidence for changes in the occurrence, frequency or severity of human health impacts resulting from exposure to invasive alien species in Europe over the last 25 years.
Health Impacts of Invasive Species Through an Altered Natural Environment: Assessing Air Pollution Sinks as a Causal Pathway
Invasive alien species impact environmental quality by disrupting biodiversity, vegetation cover, and displacing native flora and fauna. This can affect human health outcomes. For example, the
Invasive alien plant species (IAPS) are considered to be an important driver of global change in biodiversity, community structure, and ecosystem processes of the invaded ecosystem, fundamental to
Alien Species and Human Health: Austrian Stakeholder Perspective on Challenges and Solutions
Challenges and solutions posed by alien species to the public health sector in Austria over the next few decades are assessed using an online questionnaire circulated to 131 experts and stakeholders working on human health and biological invasions and supplemented by in-depth interviews with eleven selected experts.
Evidence for changes in the occurrence, frequency or severity of human health impacts resulting from exposure to alien species in Europe: a systematic map
A systematic map of the literature identifying evidence of any change in the occurrence, frequency or severity of impacts of alien species on human health in Europe over the last 25 years is reported.
Microbial invasions in terrestrial ecosystems
This Review provides examples and impacts of microorganisms that have been introduced in new regions by human activities and proposes three research themes — microbial interactions, impacts and climate change — to make microbial invasion research a truly integrative discipline.
Invasive alien species on islands: impacts, distribution, interactions and management
Future directions in IAS management and research on islands must consider IASs within a broader portfolio of threats to species, ecosystems and people's livelihoods on islands.
One Biosecurity: a unified concept to integrate human, animal, plant, and environmental health
  • P. Hulme
  • Environmental Science
    Emerging topics in life sciences
  • 2020
One Biosecurity is essential to address several major sociological and environmental challenges to biosec security: climate change, increasing urbanisation, agricultural intensification, human global mobility, loss of technical capability as well as public resistance to pesticides and vaccines.
Alien species and public health impacts in Europe: a literature review
Impacts of alien species on human health have recently become a major issue in medical research and invasion ecology, but comprehensive assessments of this subject are largely lacking. Here, we


Given their current scale, biotic invasions have taken their place alongside human-driven atmospheric and oceanic alterations as major agents of global change and left unchecked, they will influence these other forces in profound but still unpredictable ways.
Benefits and risks of exotic biological control agents
The benefits of biological control as well as the associated risks including to human and animal health, plant health and particularly the environment are reviewed, and the major challenges for assessing risks and for balancing benefits and risks are identified.
The spread of invasive species and infectious disease as drivers of ecosystem change
Invasive species, disease vectors, and pathogens affect biodiversity, ecosystem function and services, and human health. Climate change, land use, and transport vectors interact in complex ways to
Exotic Insects in Italy: An Overview on Their Environmental Impact
Hundreds of alien arthropods, native to different continents or introduced from other parts of Europe, have been recorded in Italy in the last few decades (Jucker et al., 2009; Pellizzari & Dalla
Ecology of invasive mosquitoes: effects on resident species and on human health.
This review focuses on the ecological interactions operating during invasions by the most prominent group of insect vectors of disease, mosquitoes, focusing on the best-studied invasive mosquito, Aedes albopictus, and develops a model based on observations for effects of resource competition and predation as barriers to invasion.
Biological Invasions: Economic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species
  • B. Bai
  • Environmental Science
  • 2008
The editor assembled experts from seven countries to cover the topic of an emerging global problem—biological invasion, and assembles detailed information on components of this book.
Invasive Species, Environmental Change and Management, and Health
Invasive species are a major element of global change and are contributing to biodiversity loss, ecosystem degradation, and impairment of ecosystem services worldwide. Research is shedding new light
Impact of alien terrestrial arthropods in Europe. Chapter 5
Several alien species may have a positive impact on the economy, for example parasitoids and predators introduced for the biological control of important pests and as vectors of diseases.
Risk factors for human disease emergence.
This study represents the first quantitative analysis identifying risk factors for human disease emergence, with protozoa and viruses particularly likely to emerge, and helminths particularly unlikely to do so, irrespective of their zoonotic status.