Biological diversity, chemical mechanisms, and the evolutionary origins of bioluminescent systems

  title={Biological diversity, chemical mechanisms, and the evolutionary origins of bioluminescent systems},
  author={John Woodland Hastings},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
A diversity of organisms are endowed with the ability to emit light, and to display and control it in a variety of ways. Most of the luciferins (substrates) of the various phylogenetically distant systems fall into unrelated chemical classes, and based on still limited data, the luciferases (enzymes) and reaction mechanisms are distinctly different. Based on its diversity and phylogenetic distribution, it is estimated that bioluminescence may have arisen independently as many as 30 times in the… 
A Tale Of Two Luciferins: Fungal and Earthworm New Bioluminescent Systems.
Identification of the luciferin of higher fungi 3-hydroxyhispidin which is biosynthesized by oxidation of the precursor hispidin, a known fungal and plant secondary metabolite, thus suggesting a common biochemical mechanism for fungal bioluminescence.
Mechanisms and Origin of Bacterial Biolumenescence
The main concepts of the origin of bacterial bioluminescence and its role in the ecology of modern marine fauna, including its involvement in the processes of detoxification of the reactive oxygen species and DNA repair, as well as the bait hypothesis are discussed.
Induction of bacterial luciferase by pure oxygen PI 0
The patterns of induction suggest that the two enzymes are co-regulated; possible evolutionary relationships are considered.
Bioluminescence in the sea.
A review of recent advances in understanding of the molecular basis of bioluminescence, its physiological control, and its significance in marine communities explores recent advances, including the chemical and molecular, phylogenetic and functional, community and oceanographic aspects.
Luminous Marine Organisms
Because marine luciferins are readily available in the food chain, it would appear that, after the initial evolutionary events, the diversifi cation of bioluminescent organisms could be relatively easy and recent (Haddock et al. 2001).
Leaving the Dark Side? Insights Into the Evolution of Luciferases
The present review takes stock of the diversity of known “bioluminescent proteins,” their evolution and potential evolutionary origins, and identifies 12 distinct types—defined as a group of homologous bioluminecent proteins.
Bioluminescence and chemiluminescence.
Characterization of an anthraquinone fluor from the bioluminescent, pelagic polychaete Tomopteris
The isolation of the fluorescent yellow–orange pigment found in the luminous exudate and in the body of the animals is reported and it is speculated that aloe-emodin could be a factor for resonant-energy transfer or the oxyluciferin for Tomopteris bioluminescence.
Luciferases and Light-emitting Accessory Proteins: Structural Biology
X-ray crystallographic structures known for the luciferases in five different bioluminescent systems: bacteria, dinoflagellates, fireflies, hydrozoa and anthozoa are looked at.


Low oxygen is optimal for luciferase synthesis in some bacteria
The synthesis of the bioluminescent systems in many strains of two species of the genus Photobacterium which were isolated as symbionts is greater at low oxygen concentrations, where aerobic growth
It is anticipated that new systems will be found that represent states between those described here, and that the luminous bacteria will provide a living model for the gradual evolution from free-living microbes in intracellular organelles.
Biochemistry of the bioluminescence of colonial hydroids and other coelenterates
The biochemical system responsible for the bioluminescent flashing in a number of coelenterates has been isolated and partially characterized and it is shown that the activity of reacted photoprotein is not restored if the calcium is removed by EDTA.
  • H. Seliger
  • Biology, Chemistry
    Photochemistry and photobiology
  • 1975
The low‐level luminescence observed from microsomal extracts, from the action of leukocytes on phagocytized bacteria and from rapidly growing tissues is ascribed to these same exergonic hydroxylase reactions, or to the release during these reactions of superoxide radicals which can initiate chemiluminescent reactions.
The absence of a correlation between plasmids and luminescence in marine luminous bacteria
Members of four species of marine luminous bacteria were examined using gel electrophoresis of purified alkaline extracts and there was no correlation between the presence and absence of plasmids and luminescence, nor was there any single size of plasid common to the different bacterial species.
Evidence is developing for interesting interand intra-phyletic similarities, especially in the structure of luciferins and the chemiluminescent reaction mechanisms.
Reactions involved in bioluminescence systems of limpet (Latia neritoides) and luminous bacteria.
In Achromobacter, a required aliphatic aldehyde, which is functionally equivalent to Latia luciferin, is oxidized to an acid containing the same hydrocarbon chain as the aldealdehyde; this reaction proceeds in the presence of bacterial luciferase and reduced flavin mononucleotide with a quantum yield of 0.17 + 0.1 photons per alde Hyde molecule.
Abstract— The centipede (Orphaneous brevilabiatus) secretes a bioluminescent slime. The corrected emission spectrum of this luminescence was found to have maxima at about 510 and 480 nm. The reaction
Crossreactivity between the light-emitting systems of distantly related organisms: Novel type of light-emitting compound.
Preliminary spectral and chemical data suggest that both compounds contain an open-chain polypyrrole structure, novel among compounds so far known to be involved in light emission in any biological system.
Crystalline luciferin from a luminescent fish, Parapriacanthus beryciformes.
Crystallization of luciferin is resulted in from one of the two examples of luminescent fishes; namely, Parapriacanthus beryciformes and Apogon (marginatus) ellioti, which have yielded crude aqueous extracts of Luciferin and luciferase that emit light on mixing at room temperature.