Biological contamination studies of lunar landing sites: implications for future planetary protection and life detection on the Moon and Mars

  title={Biological contamination studies of lunar landing sites: implications for future planetary protection and life detection on the Moon and Mars},
  author={Daniel P. Glavin and Jason P. Dworkin and Mark L. Lupisella and Gerhard Kminek and John D. Rummel},
  journal={International Journal of Astrobiology},
  pages={265 - 271}
Chemical and microbiological studies of the impact of terrestrial contamination of the lunar surface during the Apollo missions could provide valuable data to help refine future Mars surface exploration plans and planetary protection requirements for a human mission to Mars. NASA and ESA have outlined new visions for solar system exploration that will include a series of lunar robotic missions to prepare for and support a human return to the Moon, and future human exploration of Mars and other… 


Mars exploration missions in the future will be focused on Mars Sample Return (MSR) and humans as space crew in late 2028 or early 2030 by NASA and other non-government entities, such as Space

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Astrobiological benefits of human space exploration.

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A Theoretical Microbial Contamination Model for a Human Mars Mission

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Lunar astrobiology: a review and suggested laboratory equipment.

Astrobiology science questions of importance for a human presence on the surface of the Moon are discussed and a summary of key instrumentation requirements to support a lunar astrobiology laboratory is provided.

Astrobiology—What Can We Do on the Moon?

A long-term life sciences laboratory on the Moon can be used to investigate three areas of science that are currently poorly understood, including the linearity or non-linearity of the effects of different magnitudes of space environmental stresses on organisms.

The Need for Establishing a New United Nations Body to Protect Earth from Back Contamination and Outer Space from Forward Contamination

: The purpose of the article is to explore the necessity to establish a new United Nations body, which is authorised to monitor and protect Earth and its organisms from biological contamination from

Diversity and resistance of microorganisms in a European spacecraft testing clean room

This work represents the first phylogenetic study of the cultivable and uncultivable bacterial fraction inside a European clean room and will be incorporated into Europe’s future planetary protection bioburden monitoring protocols of space craft assembly facilities.



Planetary protection issues in advance of human exploration of Mars.

  • C. McKayW. L. Davis
  • Physics
    Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research
  • 1989

Report of the Organic Contamination Science Steering Group

The exploration of the possible emergence and duration of life on Mars from landed platforms requires attention to the quality of measurements that address these objectives. In particular, the

The Chemical Reactivity of the Martian Soil and Implications for Future Missions

Possible interpretations of the results of the Viking Biology Experiments suggest that >1 ppm of a thermally labile oxidant, perhaps H2O2, and about 10 ppm of a thermally stable oxidant are present

The Viking mission and the search for life on Mars

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Planetary Contamination II: Soviet and U.S. Practices and Policies

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The missing organic molecules on Mars.

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Molecular microbial diversity of a spacecraft assembly facility.

The conventional microbiological examination revealed that the JPL-SAF harbors mainly Gram-positive microbes and mostly spore-forming Bacillus species, but direct DNA isolation, cloning and 16S rDNA sequencing analysis revealed equal representation of both Gram- positive and Gram-negative microorganisms.

Terrestrial contamination in Apollo lunar samples

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Analysis of Organic Compounds in Mars Analog Samples

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