Non-nodulating mutant of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolli produces the phenolate type of siderophore consisting of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid and threonine. The activity of this compound against the various bacteria was tested. Only, the growth of R. leguminosarum strains was stimulated by siderophore. The other species of Rhizobium, especially R. meliloti, were sensitive to this agent. The growth of R. meliloti was also inhibited by agrobactin and pseudobactin. This effect was reversed by ferric iron.