Biological Warfare at the 1346 Siege of Caffa

  title={Biological Warfare at the 1346 Siege of Caffa},
  author={M. L. Wheelis},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
On the basis of a 14th-century account by the Genoese Gabriele de' Mussi, the Black Death is widely believed to have reached Europe from the Crimea as the result of a biological warfare attack. This is not only of great historical interest but also relevant to current efforts to evaluate the threat of military or terrorist use of biological weapons. Based on published translations of the de' Mussi manuscript, other 14th-century accounts of the Black Death, and secondary scholarly literature, I… CONTINUE READING