Biological Sciences: Halteres of Flies as Gyroscopic Organs of Equilibrium

@article{Fraenkel1938BiologicalSH,
  title={Biological Sciences: Halteres of Flies as Gyroscopic Organs of Equilibrium},
  author={G. Fraenkel and J. Pringle},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1938},
  volume={141},
  pages={919-920}
}
IN insects belonging to the group Diptera the second pair of wings is modified into a pair of dumbbell shaped organs, called halteres or balancers, which consist of a thickened base bearing numerous sense organs, a shaft, and a swollen blood-filled end (Fig. 1, A). During flight the halteres are vibrated rapidly through an arc of about 90° in the vertical plane with a frequency which is almost certainly identical with that of the wing beat. In Calliphora, Lucilia or Phormia this is about 200… Expand
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