Biological Flora of Coastal Dunes and Wetlands: Uniola paniculata L

@inproceedings{Lonard2011BiologicalFO,
  title={Biological Flora of Coastal Dunes and Wetlands: Uniola paniculata L},
  author={Robert I. Lonard and Frank W. Judd and Richard Stalter},
  year={2011}
}
Abstract Uniola paniculata C. Linnaeus is a New World, tropical-, subtropical-, and temperate-zone, rhizomatous grass that is often a dominant species on foredunes and on the primary dune complex. Uniola paniculata L. has low freshwater-moisture requirements, tolerates aerosol salt spray, has low nutrient level requirements, tolerates high sand temperatures, and provides extensive sand coverage. Also known as sea oats, this grass inhabits mobile and semistable dune systems and plays a… 
Effect of Salt, Nutrients, and Native Microbe Additions on Common Dune Restoration Grasses
ABSTRACT Clark, G.S.; Busch, M.H., and Crawford, K.M., 2021. Effect of salt, nutrients, and native microbe additions on common dune restoration grasses. Journal of Coastal Research, 37(5), 1025–1034.
SPARTINA VERSICOLOR FABRE IN COASTAL AREAS OF TUSCANY (ITALY)
This paper aims to present an overview of Spartina versicolor Fabre populations in the coastal areas of Tuscany (Italy), in relation to its ecology and phytosociology. Geobotanical surveys were
Effect of Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) Plant Size on Survival and Performance at Beaches with Low Dune Profiles
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TLDR
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Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) is an aesthetically pleasing native plant used for beach restoration along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast. Many beaches in this region have shallow, saturated dune
Literature-based latitudinal distribution and possible range shifts of two US east coast dune grass species (Uniola paniculata and Ammophila breviligulata)
TLDR
An interactive map is produced that summarizes the locations of 98 studies that either stated the range limits and/or included field-based studies/observations of the two grass species, Ammophila breviligulata and Uniola paniculata, and compares them with geolocated records from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and iNaturalist research grade crowd-sourced observations.
Lateral vegetation growth rates exert control on coastal foredune hummockiness and coalescing time
Abstract. Coastal foredunes form along sandy, low-sloped coastlines and range in shape from continuous dune ridges to hummocky features, which are characterized by alongshore-variable dune crest
Wrack enhancement of post-hurricane vegetation and geomorphological recovery in a coastal dune
TLDR
It is indicated that subsides of wrack re-distributed from other ecosystem types (e.g. seagrasses, macroalgae, uplands): i) enhances the growth of certain dune-building grasses; and ii) boosts the geomorphological recovery of coastal dunes.
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TLDR
The very low seed production rates of these populations could explain the limited distribution of this species along the Louisiana coast, where overwash events are frequent, and rates of coastline retreat often exceed the highest measured rates of vegetative growth.
Potential Use of Uniola paniculata Rhizome Fragments for Dune Restoration
TLDR
Reburial within 3‐11 days after a storm is a viable restoration technique for salvaged and replanted rhizomes uprooted by hurricanes and deposited as wrack to test this unexplored technique.
Expansion Patterns and Soil Physicochemical Characterization of Three Louisiana Populations of Uniola paniculata (Sea Oats)
The only three sizeable populations of Uniola paniculata (sea oats) on the Louisiana coast west of the Mississippi River delta were studied to determine if these populations were in a state of
DETERMINING VIGOR OF NATURAL AND PLANTED STANDS OF SEA OATS ON THE TEXAS GULF COAST
TLDR
Investigating sea oats at three natural dune locations found fertilized sea oats in the beach planting and in the island nursery were more vigorous than those growing in the natural, unfertilized dunes.
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TLDR
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Construction of Texas coastal foredunes with sea oats (Uniola paniculata) and bitter panicum (Panicum amarum)
TLDR
Sea oats and bitter panicum proved best of all species tested and both species are capable of growth year round during periods of favorable climatic conditions, although little growth occurs from mid-December to mid-February.
Micropropagation of Uniola paniculata L.
TLDR
In vitro cultured caryopses of U. paniculata produced callus on MS medium supplemented with 22.5 μM 2,4-D, 4.4 μM BA and 87.6 mM sucrose, and shoot induction occurred after these calli were inoculated onto the same medium without 2, 4-D.
Water relations and growth responses of Uniola paniculata (sea oats) to soil moisture and water-table depth
TLDR
Although U. paniculata's moisture-conserving traits adapt it well to the dune environment, this species can grow very well at an elevation of only 0.9 m above the water table, which cannot be explained by water-logging stress induced by the low dune elevations and the corresponding shallow water-table depth.
GERMINATION AND SEEDLING RESPONSE OF ATLANTIC AND GULF COASTS POPULATIONS OF UNIOLA PANICULATA
TLDR
Results indicated that Atlantic coast Florida populations did not require cold treatment prior to germination at 95-65 F, but that populations from Virginia and North Carolina did, and Gulf coast populations exhibited a germination response intermediate between those just mentioned.
Multi-scale genetic analysis of Uniola paniculata (Poaceae): a coastal species with a linear, fragmented distribution.
Geographic and fine-scale population genetic structures of Uniola paniculata, the dominant coastal dune grass in the southeastern USA, were examined. The linear, naturally fragmented distribution of
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