Biologic and immunomodulatory events after CTLA‐4 blockade with ticilimumab in patients with advanced malignant melanoma

@article{Reuben2006BiologicAI,
  title={Biologic and immunomodulatory events after CTLA‐4 blockade with ticilimumab in patients with advanced malignant melanoma},
  author={James M. Reuben and Bang‐Ning Lee and Changping Li and Jesús Gómez-Navarro and Viviana A Bozon and Charla A. Parker and Ingrid M. Hernandez and Carolina Gutierrez and Gabriel Lopez-Berestein and Luis H Camacho},
  journal={Cancer},
  year={2006},
  volume={106}
}
T‐regulatory (TR) cells expressing cytotoxic T lymphocyte‐associated antigen‐4 (CTLA‐4) maintain peripheral immune tolerance and negatively affect host immune responses against cancer. The immunobiologic effects of ticilimumab, a human monoclonal antibody against CTLA‐4, was administered to patients with metastatic melanoma who participated in a Phase I/II clinical trial. 

Current Experience With CTLA4-blocking Monoclonal Antibodies for the Treatment of Solid Tumors

The key limitations for broader applicability of this mode of therapy are better definition of the mechanism that leads to tumor rejection and the validation of favorable observations in single-arm studies into prospectively randomized clinical trials.

Overcoming immunological tolerance to melanoma: Targeting CTLA‐4

  • F. Hodi
  • Biology, Medicine
    Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • 2010
A clinical trial in patients who previously received autologous tumor cells engineered to secrete granulocyte‐macrophage colony stimulating factor with periodic infusions of CTLA‐4 blocking antibodies resulted in clinically significant anti‐tumor immunity without grade 3 or 4 toxicity in most patients.

Update on anti-CTLA-4 antibodies in clinical trials

Preclinical development and data generated from Phase I, II and III studies with regard to the end points reported and immune-related adverse events are reviewed.

CTLA‐4 to overcome immunological tolerance to melanoma

In recent trials, patients who were vaccinated with autologous tumor cells engineered to secrete granulocyte–macrophage colony‐stimulating factor, and were then infused with anti‐CTLA‐4 antibodies, demonstrated clinically‐significant antitumor immunity without grade‐3 or ‐4 toxicity in most patients.

Anti-GBM disease following CTLA4 blockade in a patient with metastatic melanoma

A case of a 50-year-old man presenting with cough, fever, macroscopic haematuria and oligoanuric kidney failure following treatment with the CTLA4 antagonist tremelimumab for metastatic malignant melanoma is reported.

Anti-CTLA-4 therapy in melanoma: Role of ipilimumab (MDX-010)

Treatment with the anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody ipilimumab (MDX-010) seems to prevent this anergy and permits specific T-lymphocyte activation against tumor antigens.

Modulation of CTLA-4 and GITR for cancer immunotherapy.

The experience with anti-CTLA-4 therapy and the durable clinical benefit observed provide proof of principle to effective antitumor immune modulation and the promise of future clinical immune modulatory antibodies.

Clinical development of the anti-CTLA-4 antibody tremelimumab.

  • A. Ribas
  • Biology, Medicine
    Seminars in oncology
  • 2010
The lack of survival advantage in the early analysis of a phase III clinical trial comparing tremelimumab with standard chemotherapy for metastatic melanoma highlights the importance of gaining a better understanding of how this antibody modulates the human immune system and how to better select patients for this mode of therapy.

CTLA-4 Blockade Confers Lymphocyte Resistance to Regulatory T-Cells in Advanced Melanoma: Surrogate Marker of Efficacy of Tremelimumab?

Tremelimumab seems to be a valuable strategy to revive reactive memory T cells anergized in the context of stage IV melanoma, and this work suggests that memory T-cell resistance to Treg resulting from anti–CTLA-4 treatment might be a biological activity marker for tremelimumAB in patients with melanoma.

Targeting T Cell Co-receptors for Cancer Therapy.

...

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