Biohazards Symbol: Development of a Biological Hazards Warning Signal

@article{Baldwin1967BiohazardsSD,
  title={Biohazards Symbol: Development of a Biological Hazards Warning Signal},
  author={Charles L. Baldwin and Robert S. Runkle},
  journal={Science},
  year={1967},
  volume={158},
  pages={264 - 265}
}
The need for a symbol to warn of potential infection hazards became apparent during Public Health Service contract work on the development of containment facilities for virus-leukemia research. A program of direct inquiry and a search of the literature revealed that there was no universally used signal and that scientific and safety organizations concurred in the need for one. Criteria for symbol design were established, and final selection was based on "uniqueness" and "memorability." The… 
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